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The anxiolytic and sedative effects of hydroalcoholic extract (HE) of Salvia reuterana Boiss. was evaluated in mice. The HE of Salvia reuterana (100 mg/kg), increased the percentage of time-spent and the percentage of arm entries in the open arms of the elevated plus-maze. Spontaneous locomotor activity count measured in 15 min of the test was significantly(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by epithelial injury, abnormal tissue repair, fibroproliferation and loss of pulmonary function as a result of a complex interaction of multiple cellular and molecular processes. There is accumulating evidence in support of a role for apoptosis in the pathogenesis of interstitial lung diseases. The Bcl-2 (B-cell(More)
Free radicals are produced continuously in the cells as part of normal cellular function, however excess production might play a role in pathophysiology of many disease conditions, including cancer, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis and some of the drug-induced toxicity. Many basic research studies and observational epidemiologic studies in human suggest(More)
The ethanolic extract of Echium amoenum flowers at the dose of 50 mg/kg increased the percentage of time-spent and the percentage of arm entries in the open arms of the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and decreased the percentage of time-spent in the closed arms of EPM. Moreover, it prolonged the ketamine-induced latency to sleep but had no significant effects on(More)
Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain is one of the major problems for cancer patients. Although paclitaxel and cisplatin are widely used in women, most laboratory studies of chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain have been conducted on male animals. The current study examined the gender differences in chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain in mice.(More)
Morphine withdrawal leads to the activation of endocannabinoid system and cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of AM281, a cannabinoid antagonist/inverse agonist, on memory deficit following naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal in mice. Male mice were made dependent by increasing doses of morphine (30-90 mg/kg) twice(More)
BACKGROUND It is believed that paraoxonase-2 gene polymorphism is associated with type 2 diabetes. This study is aimed to investigate the association between paraoxonase-2 gene polymorphism and type 2 diabetes in an Iranian population. METHODS This study was performed on 200 individuals including 100 diabetics and 100 healthy subjects. Genomic DNA was(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARs) have been identified as ligand-activated transcription factors that belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily. It has been shown that an association exists between Proline 12 alanine (Pro12Ala) polymorphism of PPAR-GAMMA2 (PPAR-γ2) gene and increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in(More)
Effects of the nimodipine, L-type calcium channel antagonist, has been studied on memory loss caused by spontaneous morphine withdrawal in mice. Mice were made dependent by increasing doses of morphine over three days. Memory was evaluated using object recognition task, which is based on tendency of rodents to exploration of new objects. The test was(More)
OBJECTIVES Breast cancer is an important leading cause of death from cancer. Stathmin and tau proteins are regulators of cell motility, and their overexpression is associated with the progression and bad prognosis of breast cancer. Memantine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, is the potential inhibitor of tau protein in neurons. This study(More)