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BACKGROUND Neurological injury because of transient cerebral ischemia is a potential complication of cardiovascular surgery. In this study, the neuroprotective effects of L-carnitine, vitamin E, and the combination of these agents on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury were determined in a rat model of transient global cerebral I/R. METHODS Rats were(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic surgery can cause ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury in not only the lower extremities, but also in the remote organs and tissues such as lungs, kidneys, heart, and liver during abdominal aortic surgery. It can result in mortality and morbidity because of the remote organ injury in early postoperative period. In this study, we(More)
Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard, a student of René Laennec's, first recognized pneumothorax in 1803, and Laennec himself described the full clinical picture of the condition in 1819. Treatment of pneumothorax was not begun as a standard procedure until World War II, but we think that Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu recognized the condition and applied treatment in the 15th(More)
Antegrade cardioplegic delivery via the aorta ensures distribution of cardioplegic solution through open arteries, but distribution may not be adequate beyond a stenotic coronary artery. This potential problem can be overcome by direct delivery of cardioplegia via a vein graft. The purpose of this study was to compare simultaneous antegrade/vein graft(More)
We used an experimental rat model to compare the therapeutic efficacy of teicoplanin, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin with that of vancomycin as standard therapy for infective endocarditis.Aortic endocarditis was induced in rats by insertion of a polyethylene catheter into the left ventricle, followed by intravenous inoculation of 106(More)
Cardiac herniation and torsion is a rare condition associated with a high mortality rate. We present an unusual case of sudden cardiogenic shock that was caused by torsion and herniation of the heart after an operation for a penetrating cardiac injury. The patient was successfully treated by urgent surgical intervention.
BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of linezolid in an experimental mediastinitis model and to compare it with vancomycin, which is commonly used. The objective of this study was also to evaluate the role of the immune system in mediastinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: an(More)
BACKGROUND In this report we describe the in vivo antibacterial activity of linezolid in an experimental graft infection model in rats and compare it with teicoplanin. The objective of this study was also to determine the effects of the interaction of linezolid when it was combined with rifampicin and test this effect against strains of(More)
Aortoiliac occlusive disease is a frequently encountered occlusive arterial disease. Different surgical approaches to the infrarenal abdominal aorta have been reported. We retrospectively studied the postoperative outcomes of patients who were treated for aortoiliac occlusive disease via a retroperitoneal versus a transperitoneal surgical approach.From(More)