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1. Fairness among users may not be achieved • Tampered-TCP connections may selfishly monopolize the bandwidth ⇒ Normal TCPs suffer from low throughput 2. tampered-TCP may not work well ex. Augmenting increase ratio of congestion window ⇒ Congestion window becomes large rapidly ⇒ The number of loss packet increases and many timeouts occur ⇒ Tampered-TCP(More)
We recently identified senescence marker protein-30 as the lactone-hydrolyzing enzyme gluconolactonase, which is involved in vitamin C biosynthesis. In this study, we investigated the effects of vitamin C on insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells using senescence marker protein-30/gluconolactonase knockout mice. In intraperitoneal glucose tolerance(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) stimulates glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion in mice. We investigated the relationship between serum EPA concentrations and the efficacy of dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitor in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS   Serum EPA concentrations were measured in 62(More)
This study assessed the endocrine pancreatic responses to liraglutide (0.9 mg once a day) during normal living conditions in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. The study included 14 hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes. Meal tests were performed after improvement of glycemic control achieved by two weeks of multiple insulin injection therapy and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) is a 34 kDa protein originally identified in rat liver that shows decreased levels with age. Several functional studies using SMP30 knockout (Smp30(Y/-) ) mice established that SMP30 functions as an antioxidant and protects against apoptosis. To address the potential role of SMP30 in nonalcoholic(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent study has suggested that not only the presence of hypertension but also the variability in systolic blood pressure (SBP) are risk factors for vascular disease and organ damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between visit-to-visit variability in SBP and change in urinary albumin excretion (UAE) or development of(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) is abundantly expressed in renal proximal tubule cells, but its expression decreases with age. Previous studies have shown that reduced SMP30 expression could contribute to aging-associated deterioration of cellular function and tissue injury. In the present study, we investigated the effects of SMP30(More)
Age-related decline in serum testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations occur in men. Low concentrations of these endogenous androgens have been linked with insulin resistance, which is an important upstream driver for metabolic abnormalities such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, or hyperlipidemia, and increased cardiovascular risk.(More)
Medical nutrition therapy for the management of diabetes plays an important role in preventing diabetes complications and managing metabolic control. However, little is known about actual eating habits of individuals with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM), especially in Japan. Therefore, we sought to (1) assess the dietary intake of individuals with T2DM, and(More)
Microbiota has been thought to be one of important environmental factors for obesity or Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Among oral microbe, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola and Tannellera forsythia are known as risk factors, so called red complex, for periodontitis. Red complex could also be a risk factor for obesity. However, recent study indicated(More)