Goitom Mebrahtu

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Malaria is a huge public health problem in Africa that is responsible for more than one million deaths annually. In line with the Roll Back Malaria initiative and the Abuja Declaration, Eritrea and other African countries have intensified their fight against malaria. This study examines the impact of Eritrea's Roll Back Malaria Programme: 2000–2004 and the(More)
The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases has been shown to be on the increase in Africa based on hospital-based information and limited national surveys. A recent report on analysis of data from Health Information Management Systems (HIMS) highlighted an increasing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Eritrea, with the incidence of hypertension(More)
BACKGROUND High morbidity and mortality from malaria in Africa prompted the Abuja Declaration by African Heads of State in 2000. The goal set in the declaration for 2010 was to reduce malaria mortality by 50%. Countries were therefore expected to ensure that 60% of people suffering from malaria had access to treatment, that 60% of those at risk received(More)
BACKGROUND Communicable diseases are the leading causes of illness, deaths, and disability in sub-Saharan Africa. To address these threats, countries within the World Health Organization (WHO) African region adopted a regional strategy called Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR). This strategy calls for streamlining resources, tools, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the baseline prevalence rates for non-communicable disease risk factors in Eritrea. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all the ethnic groups in Eritrea with the WHO STEPwise approach. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure > or = 140/90 mm Hg or a person on medication for hypertension, while diabetes based(More)
PURPOSE To collect baseline data for planning of the National Blindness Prevention & Control Program and for monitoring future achievements. METHODS Sixty six clusters of 50 people were selected from a sampling frame that included all 2,593 villages in Eritrea (population 3.56 million). Within each selected village, 50 eligible people aged 50+ years were(More)
Study Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all the ethnic groups in Eritrea with the WHO STEPwise approach. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure $140/90 mm Hg or a person on medication for hypertension, while diabetes based on medical history of the disease. Of the targeted sample size of 2460, 2352 responded. Respondents were(More)
A cross-sectional descriptive study was done on patients recently entered into the National Diabetes Registry in Eritrea where the prevalence was estimated to be 2.2% based on patient information in 2004. Of the 627 patients with diabetes, two thirds were type 2. Although type 1 had poorer control (42.9%) than type 2 (29.9%), some of the risk factors such(More)
There is limited literature on epidemiology of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Africa. Most countries have not conducted national surveys of these diseases. NCDs have been neglected in developing countries particularly given the background of its coexistence with infectious diseases. The limited material and human resources available in the developing(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of refractive error and spectacle coverage in Zoba Ma'ekel, Eritrea in order to assist in planning for refractive services and blindness prevention strategies. METHODS A community-based cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling was conducted. A total of 3200 participants aged 15-50 years were enumerated(More)