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Exposure to HBO causes hypothermia, bradycardia, head weaving, resting tremor, piloerection, and straub tail in rats. These physiological and behavioral responses can also be evoked by selective activation of serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptors. The purpose of the current study was to determine if hypothermia caused by HBO is due to increased activation of(More)
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the widespread presence of axonal swellings (spheroids) in the CNS and PNS and is caused by gene abnormality in PLA2G6 [calcium-independent phospholipase A(2)β (iPLA(2)β)], which is essential for remodeling of membrane phospholipids. To clarify the pathomechanism of(More)
The role of endothelin (ET) in the pathophysiology of secondary neural damage after experimental spinal cord injury (SCI) was examined in a rat model of weight-drop contusion injury. Initial studies demonstrated a significant increase in spinal ET concentrations in a 7.5-mm segment of tissue (centered at the impact site) at 30 min, 4 h, and 24 h after a(More)
The PLA2G6 gene encodes group VIA calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2 β), which belongs to the PLA2 superfamily that hydrolyses the sn-2 ester bond in phospholipids. In the nervous system, iPLA2 β is essential for remodeling membrane phospholipids in axons and synapses. Mutated PLA2G6 causes PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration (PLAN) including(More)
Mutations in PLA2G6 have been proposed to be the cause of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 2. The present study aimed to clarify the mechanism underlying brain iron accumulation during the deficiency of calcium-independent phospholipase A2 beta (iPLA2β), which is encoded by the PLA2G6 gene. Perl's staining with diaminobenzidine(More)
Lewy bodies (LBs), which mainly consist of α-synuclein (α-syn), are neuropathological hallmarks of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The fine structure of LBs is unknown, and LBs cannot be made artificially. Nevertheless, many studies have described fibrillisation using recombinant α-syn purified from E. coli. An extremely fundamental problem is(More)
To clarify the role of α-synuclein (αSyn) in neuronal membrane remodeling, we analyzed the expression of αSyn in neurons with a dysfunction of PLA2G6, which is indispensable for membrane remodeling. αSyn/phosphorylated-αSyn (PαSyn) distribution and neurodegeneration were quantitatively estimated in PLA2G6-knockout (KO) mice, which demonstrate marked(More)
A 54-year-old woman with no medical history presented with left hemiparesis and hemianopsia. Brain MRI showed an extensive lesion without enhancement in the right parietal lobe, followed by rapid cavity formation (figure 1). Brain biopsy performed 55 days after disease onset revealed decreased glial fibrillary acidic protein and aquaporin-4 (AQP4)(More)
Calcium-independent phospholipase A2β (iPLA2β, PLA2G6) is essential for the remodeling of membrane glycerophospholipids. Mutations in this gene are responsible for autosomal recessive, young onset, L-dopa-responsive parkinsonism (PARK14), suggesting a neurodegenerative condition in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system in patients with PLA2G6 mutations. We(More)
A 54-year-old woman with no medical history presented with left hemiparesis and hemianopsia. Brain MRI showed an extensive lesion without enhancement in the right parietal lobe, followed by rapid cavity formation (figure 1). Brain biopsy performed 55 days after disease onset revealed decreased glial fibrillary acidic protein and aquaporin-4 (AQP4)(More)