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Exposure to HBO causes hypothermia, bradycardia, head weaving, resting tremor, piloerection, and straub tail in rats. These physiological and behavioral responses can also be evoked by selective activation of serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptors. The purpose of the current study was to determine if hypothermia caused by HBO is due to increased activation of(More)
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the widespread presence of axonal swellings (spheroids) in the CNS and PNS and is caused by gene abnormality in PLA2G6 [calcium-independent phospholipase A(2)β (iPLA(2)β)], which is essential for remodeling of membrane phospholipids. To clarify the pathomechanism of(More)
We studied glucocorticoid receptor autoregulation and corticotropin response to dexamethasone in depressed patients and controls, attempting to control for the confounding effect of endogenous glucocorticoids. After depletion of endogenous cortisol, depressed patients showed an attenuated suppressibility of corticotropin by dexamethasone in the face of(More)
The role of endothelin (ET) in the pathophysiology of secondary neural damage after experimental spinal cord injury (SCI) was examined in a rat model of weight-drop contusion injury. Initial studies demonstrated a significant increase in spinal ET concentrations in a 7.5-mm segment of tissue (centered at the impact site) at 30 min, 4 h, and 24 h after a(More)
Lewy bodies (LBs), which mainly consist of α-synuclein (α-syn), are neuropathological hallmarks of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The fine structure of LBs is unknown, and LBs cannot be made artificially. Nevertheless, many studies have described fibrillisation using recombinant α-syn purified from E. coli. An extremely fundamental problem is(More)
Since the discovery of CRH in 1981, several investigators have reported abnormalities of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system in response to direct stimulation of the corticotroph cells in patients with psychiatric disorders. To further explore HPA system integrity in major depressive disorders, 13 drug-free patients and normal subjects matched(More)
Mutations in PLA2G6 have been proposed to be the cause of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 2. The present study aimed to clarify the mechanism underlying brain iron accumulation during the deficiency of calcium-independent phospholipase A2 beta (iPLA2β), which is encoded by the PLA2G6 gene. Perl's staining with diaminobenzidine(More)
A 54-year-old woman with no medical history presented with left hemiparesis and hemianopsia. Brain MRI showed an extensive lesion without enhancement in the right parietal lobe, followed by rapid cavity formation (figure 1). Brain biopsy performed 55 days after disease onset revealed decreased glial fibrillary acidic protein and aquaporin-4 (AQP4)(More)
To clarify the role of α-synuclein (αSyn) in neuronal membrane remodeling, we analyzed the expression of αSyn in neurons with a dysfunction of PLA2G6, which is indispensable for membrane remodeling. αSyn/phosphorylated-αSyn (PαSyn) distribution and neurodegeneration were quantitatively estimated in PLA2G6-knockout (KO) mice, which demonstrate marked(More)