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OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess the twentieth-century literature on outcome in schizophrenia for historical trends that might be associated with changes in diagnostic and therapeutic practice and to test the hypothesis that both improved biological treatment and changes in diagnostic criteria have influenced outcome. METHOD Meta-analysis of(More)
The psychological, neuropsychological, and neurometabolic effects of the hallucinogenic agent mescaline were investigated in 12 normal men who were volunteers. Mescaline produced an acute psychotic state 3 1/2-4 hr after drug intake, as measured by the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and Paranoid Depression Scale (PDS). The Assessment of Altered(More)
The influence of Piracetam on Parkinsonism was studied in 18 patients and 18 matched controls. Clinical, visuomotor and psychometric variables were measured. Piracetam improved visuomotor reaction time (RT) and accuracy in 6 mildly affected and tracing time in 6 moderately affected patients, the clinical condition and the organic brain syndrome in all(More)
A young man with a previously untreated schizophrenia developed a neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) on the second day of neuroleptic treatment. The dominant symptom was deep coma. The NMS occurred on the second day of neuroleptic therapy with rapidly progressing mental deterioration, temperature elevation, and extrapyramidal signs. After anticholinergics(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether patients experiencing both a major psychiatric disorder and a concurrent substance abuse problem (dual diagnosis) manifest greater neuropsychological dysfunctions than patients experiencing a major psychiatric disorder alone. Differences in diagnostic variability and fluidity between dual diagnosis and(More)
The study of eye movement dysfunction in chronic schizophrenics by electronystagmography revealed a significant increase of saccadic dysmetria as well as saccadic intrusions in smooth pursuit in schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia (TD) compared with those without TD and with healthy controls. The pattern of eye movement dysfunction in(More)
In 15 patients with Huntington's disease, 17 offspring at risk and 63 healthy controls, visuomotor performances were assessed by quantitative (statistical) and qualitative analysis. The much enlarged error score of the nondominant left hand in patients with Huntington's disease was explained as callosal dyspraxia. Five of the 17 offspring revealed results(More)
In 13 patients suffering from Huntington's chorea (H.Ch.) VEPs and SSEPs were investigated in comparison with 9 clinically unaffected offsprings and 40 normal adults. (1) The mean amplitude of VEPs was reduced in all patients and in 4 out of 9 offsprings. (2) Latencies of P100 in VEPs were normal in all subjects. (3) The late components were reduced in(More)
While modern neuropsychological and electrophysiological studies claim a functional disturbance of the left hemisphere (LH) in schizophrenia, historical clinical and anatomical work rather points to the right hemisphere (RH) as the main site of psychosis. In the light of an interhemispheric functional balance of inhibition and release, LH-dysfunction in(More)