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Heparanase is an endo-beta-D-glucuronidase that degrades heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans in the extracellular matrix and the basement membrane and is well known to be involved in tumor cell invasion and angiogenesis. We have focused on heparanase as a target for antitumor agents, especially antimetastatic agents.(More)
Protein modification by small ubiquitin-related modifier proteins (SUMOs) controls diverse cellular functions. Dysregulation of SUMOylation or deSUMOylation processes has been implicated in the development of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. However, no small-molecule inhibiting protein SUMOylation has been reported so far. Here, we report inhibition(More)
Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), two extensively used clinically effective anti-influenza drugs, are viral sialidase (also known as neuraminidase) inhibitors that prevent the release of progeny virions and thereby limit the spread of infection. Recently mortalities and neuropsychiatric events have been reported with the use of oseltamivir,(More)
Zoanthamines are a family of marine alkaloids that have complex heptacyclic structures and are reported to be interleukin-6 modulators. While the structure of zoanthamines, especially the ABC-ring portion, is similar to that of steroids, the CDEFG-ring portion, composed of aminoacetal and lactone core, is a unique structural element. In this report, we(More)
The biomimetic synthesis of the advanced model compound of chloropupukeananin has been achieved. The present synthesis features an unexpected enantiomer-differentiating Diels-Alder/carbonyl-ene cascade under high-pressure conditions and a base-promoted migration of the salicyl group.
Focused libraries of enamine derivatives with a nonacidic, nonelectrophilic core structure were screened for inhibitors of dual-specificity protein phosphatases, and an o-hydroxybenzyl derivative RE44 (10d) was identified as a selective inhibitor of CDC25A/B. This inhibitor induced cell-cycle arrest of tsFT210 cells at the G2/M phase and inhibited(More)
A library of oxygenated natural steroids, including physalins, withanolides, and perulactones, coupled with the synthetic cage-shaped right-side structure of type B physalins, was constructed. SAR studies for inhibition of NF-κB activation showed the importance of both the B-ring and the oxygenated right-side partial structure. The 5β,6β-epoxy derivatives(More)
RE derivatives, which are cell-permeable and non-electrophilic dual-specificity protein phosphatase inhibitors developed in our laboratory, inhibit CDC25A/B non-competitively, as determined by means of kinetic experiments. To identify the binding site of RE derivatives, we designed and synthesized the new probe molecule RE142, having a Michael acceptor(More)
Natural products are often attractive and challenging targets for synthetic chemists, and many have interesting biological activities. However, synthetic chemists need to be more than simply suppliers of compounds to biologists. Therefore, we have been seeking ways to actively apply organic synthetic methods to chemical biology studies of natural products(More)