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Protein modification by small ubiquitin-related modifier proteins (SUMOs) controls diverse cellular functions. Dysregulation of SUMOylation or deSUMOylation processes has been implicated in the development of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. However, no small-molecule inhibiting protein SUMOylation has been reported so far. Here, we report inhibition(More)
Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), two extensively used clinically effective anti-influenza drugs, are viral sialidase (also known as neuraminidase) inhibitors that prevent the release of progeny virions and thereby limit the spread of infection. Recently mortalities and neuropsychiatric events have been reported with the use of oseltamivir,(More)
Zoanthamines are a family of marine alkaloids that have complex heptacyclic structures and are reported to be interleukin-6 modulators. While the structure of zoanthamines, especially the ABC-ring portion, is similar to that of steroids, the CDEFG-ring portion, composed of aminoacetal and lactone core, is a unique structural element. In this report, we(More)
The unsaturated ester aldehyde, (E)-3-alkoxycarbonyl-5-phenyl-2,4-dienal, was efficiently dimerized by applying the strain-promoted double-click reaction with sym-dibenzo-1,5-cyclooctadiene-3,7-diyne. The resulting dimerized probe was sequentially reacted first with one peptide molecule and then with a protein or the amino groups on the surface of a live(More)
Heparanase is an endo-beta-D-glucuronidase that degrades heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans in the extracellular matrix and the basement membrane and is well known to be involved in tumor cell invasion and angiogenesis. We have focused on heparanase as a target for antitumor agents, especially antimetastatic agents.(More)
Focused libraries of enamine derivatives with a nonacidic, nonelectrophilic core structure were screened for inhibitors of dual-specificity protein phosphatases, and an o-hydroxybenzyl derivative RE44 (10d) was identified as a selective inhibitor of CDC25A/B. This inhibitor induced cell-cycle arrest of tsFT210 cells at the G2/M phase and inhibited(More)
New derivatives of Vaccinia H1-related phosphatase (VHR) inhibitor RE12 (5) were designed by replacing the long straight alkyl chain with other hydrophobic functionalities containing two aromatic rings, with the aim of obtaining potent, cell-active inhibitors. We established a direct coupling reaction between tetronic acid derivative and thioimidate to(More)
The genus Physalis in the Solanaceae family contains several species of benefit to humans. Examples include P. alkekengi (Chinese-lantern plant, hôzuki in Japanese) used for medicinal and for decorative purposes, and P. peruviana, also known as Cape gooseberry, which bears an edible, vitamin-rich fruit. Members of the Physalis genus are a valuable resource(More)