Gm Morriss-Kay

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Retinoic acid (RA) is a signalling molecule important for pattern formation during development. There are three known types of nuclear receptors for RA in mammals, RAR-alpha, RAR-beta and RAR-gamma, which transduce the RA signal by inducing or repressing the transcription of target genes. Here we describe the developmental expression pattern of the mouse(More)
We report here the gene expression patterns, as revealed by in situ hybridisation, of the retinoic acid receptors alpha, beta and gamma (RAR-alpha, -beta and -gamma), and the cellular binding proteins for retinol and retinoic acid (CRBP, CRABP) in non-neural tissues of mouse embryos during the period of organogenesis. At all stages, RAR-alpha transcripts(More)
Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) play major roles in skeletogenesis, and activating mutations of the human FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3 genes cause premature fusion of the skull bones (craniosynostosis). We have investigated the patterns of expression of Fgfr1, Fgfr2 and Fgfr3 in the fetal mouse head, with specific reference to their relationship to(More)
Mouse embryos were exposed to maternally administered RA on day 8.0 or day 7 3/4 of development, i.e. at or just before the differentiation of the cranial neural plate, and before the start of segmentation. On day 9.0, the RA-treated embryos had a shorter preotic hindbrain than the controls and clear rhombomeric segmentation was absent. These morphological(More)
CD34 is a cell surface glycoprotein that is selectively expressed within the human hematopoietic system on stem and progenitor cells, and in early blood vessels. To elucidate its functions during early blood vessel formation and hematopoiesis, we analyzed the expression patterns, in day 8 to day 10 mouse embryos, of CD34 RNA by in situ hybridization and(More)
We have compared the transcript distribution of cellular retinoic acid binding protein (CRABP) I and II genes in mouse embryos at various stages of development. Both CRABP transcripts are present in embryonic structures from the earliest stages studied and exhibit specific patterns of distribution, suggesting that the two retinoic acid (RA) binding proteins(More)
Mutations in the human fibroblast growth factor receptor type 2 (FGFR2) gene cause craniosynostosis, particularly affecting the coronal suture. We show here that, in the fetal mouse skull vault, Fgfr2 transcripts are most abundant at the periphery of the membrane bones; they are mutually exclusive with those of osteopontin (an early marker of osteogenic(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), a putative morphogen in vertebrates, has profound effects on development during embryogenesis, chondrogenesis and differentiation of squamous epithelia. The distribution of the transcripts of the retinoic acid receptor gamma (RAR-gamma) gene has been studied here by in situ hybridization during mouse development from days 6.5 to 15.5(More)
In situ hybridization with 35S-labelled RNA probes was used to study the distribution of transcripts of genes coding for the retinoic acid receptors, RAR-alpha, -beta and -gamma, and the cellular binding proteins for retinoic acid (CRABP I) and retinol (CRBP I), in mouse embryos during the period of early morphogenesis. Primary mesenchyme formation was(More)
The head is anatomically the most sophisticated part of the body and its evolution was fundamental to the origin of vertebrates; understanding its development is a formidable problem in biology. A synthesis of embryology, evolution and mouse genetics is shaping our understanding of head development and in this review we discuss its application to studies of(More)