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Melanosomes are specialized melanin-synthesizing organelles critical for photoprotection in the skin. Melanosome transfer to keratinocytes, which involves whole organelle donation to another cell, is a unique biological process and is poorly understood. Time-lapse digital movies and electron microscopy show that filopodia from melanocyte dendrites serve as(More)
UV radiation is an important etiologic factor for skin cancer, including melanoma. Constitutive pigmentation and the ability to tan are considered the main photoprotective mechanism against sun-induced carcinogenesis. Pigmentation in the skin is conferred by epidermal melanocytes that synthesize and transfer melanin to keratinocytes. Therefore, insuring the(More)
The incidence of skin cancer is on the rise, with over 1 million new cases yearly. Although it is known that squamous cell cancers (SCC) are caused by UV light, the mechanism(s) involved remains poorly understood. In vitro studies with epithelial cells or reports examining malignant skin lesions suggest that loss of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell contacts(More)
BACKGROUND The immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a rare genodermatosis associated with dermatitis, enteropathy, type 1 diabetes, thyroiditis, hemolytic anemia, and thrombocytopenia. IPEX results from mutations of FOXP3, a gene located on the X chromosome that encodes a DNA-binding protein required for(More)
Recent reports show that components of the extracellular matrix function as cell survival factors through the suppression of apoptosis (programmed cell death). In this report we show that attachment to fibronectin suppresses apoptosis of normal human fetal and neonatal melanocytes in vitro and that prevention of attachment to underlying matrix or attachment(More)
Photoprotection of the skin is provided by melanocytes, neural crest derived cells that synthesize melanin in specialized organelles that are transferred to keratinocytes. Secretory phospholipases comprise a large family of Ca2+-dependent enzymes that liberate arachidonic acid (AA), a precursor of prostaglandins, as well as lysophospholipids. The(More)
To survive and proliferate in pure culture, human melanocytes require basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and cAMP. Without these factors, even in the presence of serum, the cells die. Melanocytes cultured in the presence of keratinocytes, however, survive for weeks without added bFGF and cAMP. We show here that the growth factor for melanocytes produced(More)
UV light is a complete carcinogen, inducing both basal and squamous cell skin cancers. The work described uses the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib to examine the efficacy of COX-2 inhibition in the reduction of UV light-induced skin tumor formation in hairless mice. UVA-340 sun lamps were chosen as a light source that effectively mimics the solar UVA(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a recently characterized systemic fibrosing disorder developing in the setting of renal insufficiency. NSF's rapidly progressive nature resulting in disability within weeks of onset makes early diagnosis important. Two reports of NSF after liver transplantation are known of. We present three cases of NSF developing(More)