Gloria Volohonsky

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Differential RNA metabolism regulates a wide array of developmental processes. Here, we describe a mechanism that controls the transition from premature Drosophila tendon precursors into mature muscle-bound tendon cells. This mechanism is based on the opposing activities of two isoforms of the RNA binding protein How. While the isoform How(L) is a negative(More)
Crosstalk between signaling pathways is crucial for the generation of complex and varied transcriptional networks. Antagonism between the EGF-receptor (EGFR) and Notch pathways in particular is well documented, although the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. The global corepressor Groucho (Gro) and its transducin-like Enhancer-of-split (TLE)(More)
An assay of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) and glutathione synthetase (GS) in crude extracts of cultured cells and tissues is described. It represents a novel combination of known methods, and is based on the formation of glutathione (GSH) from cysteine, glutamate and glycine in the presence of rat kidney GS for the assay of gamma-GCS, or(More)
The even spreading of mesoderm cells in the Drosophila embryo is essential for its proper patterning by ectodermally derived signals. In how germline clone embryos, defects in mesoderm spreading lead to a partial loss of dorsal mesoderm derivatives. HOW is an RNA-binding protein that is thought to regulate diverse mRNA targets. To identify direct HOW(More)
The precise subcellular localization of non-receptor tyrosine phosphatases is a major factor in regulating their physiological functions. We have previously shown that cellular processing of protein-tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (PTP epsilon) generates a physiologically distinct, cytoplasmic form of this protein, p65 PTP epsilon. Here we describe a novel(More)
Two protein forms of tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (PTPε) are known – receptor-like (tm-PTPε) and non receptor-like (cyt-PTPε), with each form possessing unique tissue-specific expression patterns, subcellular localization, and physiological functions. We describe two additional forms of PTPε protein – p67 and p65. p67 is produced by initiation of(More)
Glutathione synthesis and growth properties were studied in the gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase(GGT)-negative, non-tumorigenic rat liver oval cell line OC/CDE22, and in its GGT-positive, tumorigenic counterpart line M22. gamma-Glutamylcysteine synthetase (GGCS) activities were comparable. Growth rates of M22 cells exceeded those of OC/CDE22 cells at(More)
In both vertebrates and invertebrates, glial cells wrap axonal processes to ensure electrical conductance. Here we report that Crooked neck (Crn), the Drosophila homolog of the yeast Clf1p splicing factor, is directing peripheral glial cell maturation. We show that crooked neck is expressed and required in glial cells to control migration and axonal(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-cycle progression is tightly regulated during embryonic development. In the Drosophila early embryo, the levels of String/Cdc25 define the precise timing and sites of cell divisions. However, cell-cycle progression is arrested in the mesoderm of gastrulating embryos despite a positive transcriptional string/cdc25 activation provided by the(More)
Precise subcellular localization is an important factor in regulation of the functions of protein tyrosine phosphatases. The non-receptor form of protein tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (cyt-PTP(epsilon)) can be found in cell nuclei, among other cellular locations, while p67 PTP(epsilon), a naturally occurring isoform which lacks the 27 N terminal residues of(More)