Gloria S. C. Yuen

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Oxidative stress due to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depleted antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH) can give rise to apoptotic cell death in acutely diabetic hearts and lead to heart disease. At present, the source of these cardiac ROS or the subcellular site of cardiac GSH loss [i.e., cytosolic (cGSH) or mitochondrial (mGSH) GSH] has not(More)
Increased awareness of obesity has led to a dietary shift toward "heart-friendly" vegetable oils containing omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (omega-6 PUFA). In addition to its beneficial effects, omega-6 PUFA also exhibits proinflammatory and prooxidative properties. We hypothesized that chronic dietary omega-6 PUFA can induce free radical generation,(More)
The lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-augmenting property of lysophosphatidylcholine requires the formation of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) (J Mol Cell Cardiol 37: 931-938, 2004). Given that the actin cytoskeleton has been implicated in regulating cardiomyocyte LPL, we examined whether LPL secretion after LPA involves actin cytoskeleton reassembly. Incubation of(More)
Impaired angiogenesis in ischemic tissue is a hallmark of diabetes. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) is an exquisitely glucose-sensitive gene that is overexpressed in diabetes. As TXNIP modulates the activity of the key angiogenic cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), we hypothesized that hyperglycemia-induced dysregulation of TXNIP may(More)
The deployment of endovascular implants such as stents in the treatment of cardiovascular disease damages the vascular endothelium, increasing the risk of thrombosis and promoting neointimal hyperplasia. The rapid restoration of a functional endothelium is known to reduce these complications. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are increasingly(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cells derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC-ECs) promote angiogenesis, and more recently induced endothelial cells (iECs) have been generated via fibroblast trans-differentiation. These cell types have potential as treatments for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, it is unknown whether different(More)
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