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Antitubercular bioassay-guided fractionation of the n-hexane- and CH (2)Cl (2)-soluble extracts of the above-ground biomass and roots of Valeriana laxiflora led to the isolation of a new iridolactone, (4R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-7-hydroxy-8-hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-perhydrocyclopenta[ c]pyran-1-one ( 1), and a new lignan, (+)-1-hydroxy-2,6-bis- epi-pinoresinol ( 2),(More)
Three common plant-derived pentacyclic triterpenoids, oleanolic acid (1), betulinic acid (2) and ursolic acid (3), have been found to exhibit moderate anti-tubercular activity in a microplate alamar blue assay. In order to facilitate the discovery of novel anti-tubercular leads with diverse chemical structures, a new and rapid GC-EI/MS method was developed(More)
An ethanol extract prepared from the gametophyte Chilean native moss Sphagnum magellanicum was dried out, weighed and dissolved in distilled water. This extract was then assayed for its antibacterial activity against the G(-) bacteria Azotobacter vinelandii, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas(More)
Quillaja saponaria Mol. (Quillajaceae) is one of the most important melliferous species in Chile, mainly as a source of monofloral honey. Honey made by A. mellifera presents biological activity against pathogens and antioxidant capacity associated with the presence of phenolic compounds deriving from the nectar, as a result of bee honey foraging. The aim of(More)
Propolis is a non-toxic natural substance with multiple pharmacological properties including anti-cancer, antioxidant, fungicidal, antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory among others. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical and botanical characterization of Chilean propolis samples and to evaluate their biological activity against the(More)
Resource allocation to aerial vegetative, underground vegetative, and reproductive biomass is studied in four Chilean herbs: the annuals Chaetanthera ciliata, Erodium cicutarium, Trisetobromus hirtus, and the perennial Solenomelus peduncularis. Absolute (weight), and relative (% vegetative/total, % root/shoot) changes in biomass were determined in relation(More)
Lithraea caustica (Mol.) H. et Arn. and Colliguaya odorifera Mol. are two sclerophyllous shrubs of the scrub vegetation in Central Chile. These two species commonly grow in close association on equator-facing slopes. Leaves of L. caustica are severely predated upon by phytophagous insects while those of C. odorifera are rarely attacked. Leaf growth(More)
Bioassay guided isolation of an antibacterial extract prepared from the fermentation broth of a Micromonospora sp. P1068 led to the isolation of eight compounds identified as (3R) 3,4',7-trihydroxy-isoflavanone (1), 3-hydroxydehydrodaidzein, daidzein (2), 3-methyl-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid (3), 1H-indole-3-carboxaldehyde (4),(More)
The food preferences of Octodon degus are examined in laboratory test. Results indicate that degus prefer new rather than mature leaves of Chilean matorral shrubs, and that degus do not discriminate between new leaves (equivalents of shrub seedlings) of different shrub species. The significance of degus preferences in relation to matorral composition is(More)