Gloria León-Ávila

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Giardia intestinalis (syn. lamblia) is one of the most widespread intestinal protozoan pathogens worldwide, causing hundreds of thousands of cases of diarrhoea each year. Giardia is a member of the diplomonads, often described as an ancient protist group whose primitive nature is suggested by the lack of typical eukaryotic organelles (for example,(More)
Mitochondrial remnant organelles (mitosomes) that exist in a range of "amitochondrial" eukaryotic organisms represent ideal models for the study of mitochondrial evolution and for the establishment of the minimal set of proteins required for the biogenesis of an endosymbiosis-derived organelle. Giardia intestinalis, often described as the earliest branching(More)
Triatomine vectors were collected on human dwellings in Michoacán México. Blood meal sources were identified by real time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) using DNA extracted from triatomine guts. The assay was performed with one only specific primer set to amplify a fragment of the mitochondrial 12S ribosomal gene from vertebrate species. Also Trypanosoma(More)
Recent data suggest that microaerophilic and parasitic protozoa, which lack oxidative phosphorylation, nevertheless contain mitochondrial homologs [1-6], organelles that share common ancestry with mitochondria. Such widespread retention suggests there may be a common function for mitochondrial homologs that makes them essential for eukaryotic cells. We(More)
The existence of mitochondrion-related relict organelles (mitosomes) in the amitochondrial human pathogen Entamoeba histolytica and the detection of extranuclear DNA-containing cytoplasmic structures (EhKOs) has led to the suggestion that a remnant genome from the original mitochondrial endosymbiont might have been retained in this organism. This study(More)
BACKGROUND Microfilaments play a determinant role in different cell processes such as: motility, cell division, phagocytosis and intracellular transport; however, these structures are poorly understood in the parasite Giardia lamblia. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS By confocal microscopy using TRITC-phalloidin, we found structured actin distributed in(More)
During translation, ribosomes stall on mRNA when the aminoacyl-tRNA to be read is not readily available. The stalled ribosomes are deleterious to the cell and should be rescued to maintain its viability. To investigate the contribution of some of the cellular translation factors on ribosome rescuing, we provoked stalling at AGA codons in mutants that(More)
Dp71 is the most abundant product of the dmd gene in the brain. There are at least 2 isoforms derived from alternative splicing of exon 78 (Dp71d, which contains exon 78 and Dp71f, the spliced isoform) but the precise localization and function of each isoform is still unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate by RT-PCR that the Dp71f isoform is present(More)
BACKGROUND Giardia passes through two stages during its life cycle, the trophozoite and the cyst. Cyst formation involves the synthesis of cyst wall proteins (CWPs) and the transport of CWPs into encystation-specific vesicles (ESVs). Active vesicular trafficking is essential for encystation, but the molecular machinery driving vesicular trafficking remains(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of an albendazole (ABZ) derivative JVG9 on cultured Giardia intestinalis. To assess the JVG9 effects, we evaluated the tubulin cytoskeleton by confocal microscopy, and we found that the characteristic staining was modified. The scanning electron microscopy images revealed extremely damaged trophozoites and(More)