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Metal concentrations in different tissues of Sparus aurata are linked to the functional role of the investigated organ: in the liver, Zn and Cu are highly concentrated, due to the detoxification and storage processes typical of the hepatic tissue. Comparison between control specimens of farmed and wild gilthead seabream resulted in significant differences(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight proteins characterized by a high cysteine content and give rise to metal-thiolate clusters. Most MTs have two metal clusters containing three and four bivalent metal ions, respectively. The MT gene family in mammals consists of four subfamilies designated MT-1 through MT-4. MT-3 is expressed predominantly in(More)
Leptin, a protein produced and secreted by adipocytes, is know to regulate food intake and whole-body energy metabolism, but knowledge about its possible effect in bovine mammary gland is scarce. Leptin may be involved in the regulation of glucose transport even though this effect at the tissue level remains controversial. Once uptaken by the mammary gland,(More)
Thymic atrophy or thymus absence causes depressed thyroid-thymus axis (TTA) efficiency in old, young propyl-thiouracil (PTU) (experimental hypothyroidism) and in young-adult thymectomised (Tx) mice, respectively. Altered zinc turnover may be also involved in depressed TTA efficiency. Zinc turnover is under the control of zinc-bound metallothioneins (Zn-MTs)(More)
The presence of MTs in marine molluscs was firstly hypothesized in oyster and in mussel during the seventies, however mussel's and oysters' MTs were completely purified and sequenced rather later. Already from the first studies it was evident that the purification of molluscan MTs was more difficult than in mammals. Mussel's MTs are characterized by the(More)
The present study looks at possible changes in the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in tissues (brain and white muscle) of the Mediterranean bony fish Sparus auratus after a 20 days exposure to sublethal concentrations (0.1 or 0.5 ppm) of copper in the marine water and on control untreated animals. The trials also included measurements of Cu(More)
The first aim of our study was to determine the concentrations of selected trace elements (Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Cd and Pb) in tissues of green turtles from Tortuguero National Park on the North Caribbean coast of Costa Rica and of loggerheads from the Mediterranean Sea. Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn and Cd were present at detectable concentrations in all samples and showed(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) (I+II) play pivotal roles in metal-related cell homeostasis because of their high affinity for metals forming clusters. The main functional role of MTs is to sequester and/or dispense zinc participating in zinc homeostasis. Consistent with this role, MT gene expression is transcriptionally induced by a variety of stressing agents to(More)
Cadmium (Cd), a heavy metal with limited biological function, is widely distributed in the aquatic environment as a result of natural and anthropogenic activities. The effect of 4 and 11 days exposure of gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata to sub-lethal concentrations of Cd was evaluated as levels of Cd content and Cd-metallothionein (MT) presence in different(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are ubiquitous low molecular weight cysteine-rich proteins characterized by high affinity for d10 electron configuration metals, including essential (Zn and Cu) and non-essential (Cd and Hg) trace elements. The biological role of these ancient and well-conserved multifunctional proteins has been debated since MTs were first discovered(More)