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i ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report is one in a series that documents an analysis of the full social-cost of motor-vehicle use in the United States. The series is entitled The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data. Support for the social-cost analysis was provided by Pew Charitable Trusts, the Federal Highway(More)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report is one in a series that documents an analysis of the full social cost of motor-vehicle use in the United States. The series is entitled The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data. Support for the social-cost analysis was provided by Pew Charitable Trusts, the Federal Highway(More)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report is one in a series that documents an analysis of the full social cost of motor-vehicle use in the United States. The series is entitled The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data. Support for the social-cost analysis was provided by Pew Charitable Trusts, the Federal Highway(More)
i ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report is one in a series that documents an analysis of the full social-cost of motor-vehicle use in the United States. The series is entitled The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data. Support for the social-cost analysis was provided by Pew Charitable Trusts, the Federal Highway(More)
Equivalent Factors and Indirect Cost Multipliers " (EPA-420-R-09-004). This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or posi­ tions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to facilitate the exchange of technical information and(More)
Concrete infrastructure systems require large capital investments and resource flows to construct and maintain. An integrated life cycle assessment and cost model was developed to evaluate infrastructure sustainability, and compare alternative materials and designs using environmental, economic and social indicators. The model is applied to two alternative(More)
BACKGROUND Quantifying the benefits of reducing hazardous air pollutants (HAPs, or air toxics) has been limited by gaps in toxicological data, uncertainties in extrapolating results from high-dose animal experiments to estimate human effects at lower doses, limited ambient and personal exposure monitoring data, and insufficient economic research to support(More)
In December 2009, EPA contracted with RTI International (RTI) to conduct a peer review of a literature survey conducted by David Greene of Oak Ridge National laboratory. The draft study, titled " How Consumers Value Fuel Economy: A Literature Review, " looked at 22 papers that, in some fashion, provided quantitative estimates of the role of fuel economy in(More)