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Platelets release glutamate upon activation and are an important clearance system of the amino acid from blood, through high-affinity glutamate uptake, similar to that described in brain synaptosomes. Since platelet glutamate uptake is decreased in neurodegenerative disorders, we performed a morphological and molecular characterization of platelet glutamate(More)
The methionine/valine (M/V) polymorphism at codon 129 within the prion protein gene (PRNP) represents a known risk factor for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Few authors reported also the effects of this polymorphism on the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), although with controversial results. To better clarify this issue, we performed a novel case-control(More)
Various studies suggested that inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated cytokine release from LPS-stimulated blood cells of 32 AD patients, with different disease severity, compared to 16 age-related controls. A significant decrease of IL-1beta and IL-6 secretion was observed in severely demented patients;(More)
Acetyl-cholinesterase inhibitors (AChEI) are drugs frequently prescribed for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), exerting an effect on cognition, as well as on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia and activities of daily living. The efficacy of AChEI may be ascribed not only to the activation of cholinergic transmission, but also to(More)
We investigated the possible involvement of vascular damage in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), by assessment of plasma levels of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), a serine protease inhibitor induced by endothelial injury, and homocysteine (Hcy), a known risk factor for cerebrovascular disorders, folate levels were also measured. 110(More)
We compared the levels of serum folate from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and from age-matched healthy subjects and used primary cultures of fibroblasts, obtained from the two groups, to assess possible differences in their ability to bind folate. The results show that the levels of circulating folate are significantly (p<0.01; n=30) lower in AD(More)
"Signal&#8221; alignments play critical roles in many clinical setting. This is the case of mass spectrometry (MS) data, an important component of many types of proteomic analysis. A central problem occurs when one needs to integrate (MS) data produced by different sources, e.g., different equipment and/or laboratories. In these cases, some form of "data(More)
Valproate (VPA) is an anti-epileptic and mood-stabilizing drug with a broad range of action and which mechanism of action still remains in part elusive. Recently the discovery that VPA modifies the epigenome increasing the transcriptional rate of target genes raises the issue of understanding the exact role of this mechanism. In this work we tested the(More)
Converging evidence points to a pivotal role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in neuronal protection and a lack of its activity in neurodegenerative disorders. To investigate this possible association, we screened the VEGF gene promoter for various well-known single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a series of 249 consecutively recruited Italian(More)