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Platelets release glutamate upon activation and are an important clearance system of the amino acid from blood, through high-affinity glutamate uptake, similar to that described in brain synaptosomes. Since platelet glutamate uptake is decreased in neurodegenerative disorders, we performed a morphological and molecular characterization of platelet glutamate(More)
The methionine/valine (M/V) polymorphism at codon 129 within the prion protein gene (PRNP) represents a known risk factor for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Few authors reported also the effects of this polymorphism on the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), although with controversial results. To better clarify this issue, we performed a novel case-control(More)
Various studies suggested that inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated cytokine release from LPS-stimulated blood cells of 32 AD patients, with different disease severity, compared to 16 age-related controls. A significant decrease of IL-1beta and IL-6 secretion was observed in severely demented patients;(More)
Oxidative stress, linked to Abeta-lipid interactions, plays a pathogenetic role in Alzheimer's disease. We investigated modifications of lipid peroxidation products in plasma of 52 AD patients, 42 healthy controls and 16 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a neurodegenerative disease where oxidative stress also plays a pathogenetic role. Final(More)
Experimental studies have shown the role of excitotoxicity in the pathogenesis of ischemic brain lesions, and glutamate levels have been found to be elevated in CSF and plasma from patients, early after stroke. In this study, we investigated whether platelets could be involved in the mechanism of altered plasma glutamate levels after stroke. Forty four(More)
Acetyl-cholinesterase inhibitors (AChEI) are drugs frequently prescribed for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), exerting an effect on cognition, as well as on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia and activities of daily living. The efficacy of AChEI may be ascribed not only to the activation of cholinergic transmission, but also to(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the real number of hyperhomocysteinemic Alzheimer's patients who may benefit from homocysteine-lowering therapy. METHODS Basal and post-methionine load homocysteine levels were assessed by rp-HPLC system. RESULTS PML test revealed twice as many hyperhomocysteinemic AD subjects with respect to the fasting analysis. CONCLUSION PML(More)
We investigated the possible involvement of vascular damage in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), by assessment of plasma levels of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), a serine protease inhibitor induced by endothelial injury, and homocysteine (Hcy), a known risk factor for cerebrovascular disorders, folate levels were also measured. 110(More)
We compared the levels of serum folate from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and from age-matched healthy subjects and used primary cultures of fibroblasts, obtained from the two groups, to assess possible differences in their ability to bind folate. The results show that the levels of circulating folate are significantly (p<0.01; n=30) lower in AD(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder characterized by an extra copy of chromosome 21. DS subjects show signs of progressive cognitive decline, and most of them develop Alzheimer's type dementia at the age of 50 to 55 years. The aim of this study was to evaluate amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolites and anti-Abeta 1-42 antibodies(More)