Gloria Decarlo Massaro

Learn More
Pulmonary alveoli are formed in part by subdivision (septation) of the gas-exchange saccules of the immature lung. Septation results in smaller, more numerous structures (alveoli) and is developmentally regulated in mammals including humans, rats, and mice; if it fails to occur at the appropriate time, there is no spontaneous post hoc septation nor has(More)
Retinoids play a key role in the formation of pulmonary alveoli. Lipid interstitial cells (LICs) of the alveolar wall store retinol and are concentrated at sites of alveolus formation, suggesting they are an endogenous source of retinoids for alveolus formation. We show in cultured rat lung cells that LICs synthesize and secrete all-trans retinoic acid(More)
Dexamethasone, a glucocorticosteroid hormone, inhibits the formation of alveoli; retinoids and glucocorticosteroid hormones can be mutually antagonistic. These observations led us to test the hypothesis that the administration of retinoic acid to postnatal rats would prevent the low alveolar number and the low body mass-specific gas-exchange surface area(More)
Pulmonary alveoli are formed, in part, by subdivision (septation) of the gas-exchange saccules of the immature lung. Septation is developmentally regulated, and failure to septate at the appropriate time is not followed by delayed spontaneous septation. We report retinoic acid receptor (RAR) beta knockout mice exhibit premature septation; in addition, they(More)
Clara cells are non-ciliated epithelial cells located mainly in small conducting airways. They give rise to ciliated cells and are also thought to secrete components of the extracellular layer lining small conducting airways. Using morphometry and electron microscopy we have shown that secretion by Clara cells in rats is stimulated by a beta-adrenergic(More)
Alveolar regenerative gene expression is unidentified partly because its onset, after a regenerative stimulus, is unknown. Toward addressing this void, we used a mouse model in which calorie restriction produces alveolar loss, and ad libitum access to food after calorie restriction induces alveolar regeneration. We selected four processes (cell replication,(More)
A technically easy, noninvasive means of delivering molecules to alveoli, which act selectively or specifically in the lung, would be experimentally and therapeutically useful. As proof of principle, we took advantage of the spreading ability of pulmonary surface active material (InfaSurf), mixed it with elastase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase(More)
Treatment of newborn mice with dexamethasone (Dex) inhibits the subdivision of lung saccules to form alveoli; treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (RA) prevents this inhibition of septation. To better understand the early molecular signals responsible for the effects of Dex and RA, Affymetrix gene profiling was done on RNA isolated from 4-day-old mice(More)
We studied the effect of breathing 10% O2 for less than or equal to 9 h by rat dams during the last day of gestation and (with their pups) for 1-2 h immediately after birth on the development of the lung's gas exchange region in the pups. Our major finding is that this brief stress resulted in substantially altered lung development noted at age 7 days and(More)