Gloria Cardace

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Episodes with muscle ache, rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria with or without associated renal insufficiency are characteristic of muscle carnitinepalmitoyltransferase (CPT) deficiency. However, patients differ from each other in many aspects, such as the kind of stimulus that triggers rhabdomyolysis, the ability to produce ketone bodies when fasting, whether(More)
The preparation of a GM1-ganglioside (GM1) [14C]-labelled in the sialic acid residue is reported. This can be obtained by re-N-acetylation in the presence of [1-14C]-acetic anhydride, of a GM1 derivative de-N-acetylated specifically on the sialic acid residue by alkaline hydrolysis of GM1 with tetramethylammonium hydroxide. The radiolabelled GM1 is utilized(More)
A radiometric method for the assay of ganglioside sialidase in cultured human fibroblasts was set up. As substrate, highly radioactive (1.28 Ci/mmol) ganglioside GDla isotopically tritium-labeled at carbon C-3 of the long chain base was employed; the liberated, and TLC separated [3H]GM1 was determined by computer-assisted radiochromatoscanning. Under(More)
L-carnitine and its esters (acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine) at pharmacological doses (1, 5 and 10 mM) are absorbed by the rat jejunum by simple diffusion. Partition coefficients of carnitine esters determined in lipophilic media (diethyl ether/water and olive oil/water) are greater than that of L-carnitine. It would therefore seem that esters(More)
L-carnitine and its short-, medium- and long-chain acyl esters constitute the L-carnitine family. These compounds in the body are equilibrated according to a homeostatic equilibrium preserved and, when impaired, restored by a dynamic inter-exchange between L-carnitine and its esters, catalysed by carnitine acyl transferases, and a tubular reabsorption(More)
The use of enzymes to assay individual components of the L-carnitine family in pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, and biological fluids with various forms of detection is reviewed. The most useful enzyme in the assay of compounds of the L-carnitine family is carnitine acetyl transferase (CAT), which catalyses the reversible interconversion of L-carnitine and its(More)
L-Carnitine and its acyl esters constitute an endogenous pool of the L-carnitine family, involved in the uptake of free fatty acids in the mitochondria by transfer across their membrane of the acyl moieties to fuel the beta-oxidation and the release of the acetyl group from the mitochondria to the cytosol. Therefore acyl-L-carnitine and acyl-L-carnitine(More)
Evidence has been put forth that a number of human and experimental cardiomyopathies are associated with a lower myocardial carnitine content. This study was performed to test the hypothesis that the correction of carnitine derivative, propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC), may improve cardiac function. Repeated administration of PLC was compared to saline with(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) activity was measured in cultured fibroblasts from 12 patients with Friedreich's ataxia (FA), and in 1 patient with lactic acidosis and ataxia. The activities obtained after extraction of PDHC by different methods were compared. Triton-X-100 extraction yielded enzyme activities 5 to 10 times greater than those obtained(More)
Plasma concentration, urinary excretion and renal clearance of free, total and esterified L-carnitine were monitored monthly in 14 women during the last 6 months of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery. Plasma concentration and renal clearance measured 1 month after delivery overlapped with normal values for females of comparable age, and were considered(More)