Gloria C. Li

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Experimental colitis is mediated by inflammatory or dysregulated immune responses to microbial factors of the gastrointestinal tract. In this study we observed that administration of Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonists suppressed the severity of experimental colitis in RAG1-/- but not in SCID mice. This differential responsiveness between phenotypically(More)
In brain glial cells, expression of calcium independent nitric-oxide synthase (NOS-2) is induced following stimulation with bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide (LPS)) and/or pro-inflammatory cytokines. We have investigated the effects of heat shock (HS), which can reduce inflammatory responses in several cell types, on the induction of glial NOS-2(More)
CpG-DNA and its related synthetic CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODNs) play an important role in immune cell survival. It has been suggested that Akt is one of the CpG-DNA-responsive serine/threonine kinases; however, the target protein of CpG-DNA that leads to Akt activation has not been elucidated. Here, we report that ex vivo stimulation of bone(More)
BACKGROUND Stress in nursing students may be related to attrition from nursing programmes and lead to a shortage of nurses entering clinical careers. In addition, stress leads to psychological morbidity which may have profound adverse consequences for individual nursing students. OBJECTIVES To follow a cohort of nursing students from entry to their(More)
INTRODUCTION Increased expression of cytosine deaminase (CD) and uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (UPRT) may improve the antitumoral effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), and thereby enhance the potential of gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy. For the applicability of gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy in a clinical setting, it is(More)
Ku70 is one component of a protein complex, the Ku70/Ku80 heterodimer, which binds to DNA double-strand breaks and activates DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), leading to DNA damage repair. Our previous work has confirmed that Ku70 is important for DNA damage repair in that Ku70 deficiency compromises the ability of cells to repair DNA double-strand(More)
We examined the effects of diallyl disulfide (DADS), an oil-soluble organosulfur compound found in garlic, on human HepG2 hepatoma cells to better understand its effect on apoptosis and apoptosis-related genes. Our study has demonstrated that DADS affects cell proliferation activity and viability and elicits typical apoptotic morphologic changes (chromatic(More)
Tumor hypoxia is important in the development and treatment of human cancers. We have developed a novel xenograft model for studying and imaging of hypoxia-induced gene expression. A hypoxia-inducible dual reporter herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase and enhanced green fluorescence protein (HSV1-TKeGFP), under the control of hypoxia response(More)
Ku is a complex of two proteins, Ku70 and Ku80, and functions as a heterodimer to bind DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) and activate DNA-dependent protein kinase. The role of the Ku70 subunit in DNA DSB repair, hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation, and V(D)J recombination was examined in mice that lack Ku70 (Ku70(-/-)). Like Ku80(-/-) mice, Ku70(-/-) mice(More)
Cells of mouse knockout cell lines for Ku80 (now known as Xrcc5), Ku70 (now known as G22p1), DNA-PKcs (now known as Prkdc) and PARP (now known as Adprt) were synchronized in G1 phase and exposed to very low fluences of alpha particles. The frequency of gross chromosomal aberrations was scored at the first postirradiation metaphase. At the two lowest doses(More)