Gloria Bertoli

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A complex array of chaperones and enzymes reside in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to assist the folding and assembly of and the disulfide bond formation in nascent secretory proteins. Here we characterize a novel human putative ER co-chaperone (ERdj5) containing domains resembling DnaJ, protein-disulfide isomerase, and thioredoxin domains. Homologs of(More)
Formation of disulfide bonds, an essential step for the maturation and exit of secretory proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is controlled by specific ER-resident enzymes. A pivotal element in this process is Ero1alpha, an oxidoreductin that lacks known ER retention motifs. Here we show that ERp44 mediates Ero1alpha ER localization through the(More)
Human Ero1alpha is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein responsible for protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) oxidation. To clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying its function, we generated a panel of cysteine replacement mutants and analyzed their capability of: 1) complementing a temperature-sensitive yeast Ero1 mutant, 2) favoring oxidative(More)
Disulfide bonds are formed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by sequential interchange reactions: Ero1alpha and Ero1beta transfer oxidative equivalents to protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), which in turn oxidizes cargo proteins. Neither Ero1alpha nor Ero1beta contains known ER localization motif(s), raising the question of how they are retained in this(More)
The cancer stem cell hypothesis posits that tumors are derived from a single cancer-initiating cell with stem cell properties. The task of identifying and characterizing a single cancer-initiating cell with stem cell properties has proven technically difficult because of the scarcity of the cancer stem cells in the tissue of origin and the lack of specific(More)
Recent data suggest that mammary carcinogenesis may be driven by cancer stem cells (CSCs) derived from mutated adult stem cells, which have acquired aberrant cell self-renewal or by progenitor cells that have acquired the capacity for cell self-renewal. Spontaneous mammary cancers in cats and dogs are important models for the understanding of human breast(More)
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is involved in the initiation and progression of several human cancers, including breast cancer (BC), as strong evidence has been found that miRNAs can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. This review presents the state of the art on the role of miRNAs in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of BC. Based on the(More)
In eukaryotes, members of the Ero1 family control oxidative protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Yeast Ero1p is tightly associated with the ER membrane, despite cleavage of the leader peptide, the only hydrophobic sequence that could mediate lipid insertion. In contrast, human Ero1-Lalpha and a yeast mutant (Ero1pDeltaC) lacking the 127(More)
TBX3, the gene mutated in ulnar-mammary syndrome (UMS), is involved in the production of a transcription factor of the T-box family, known to inhibit transcription from the p14ARF (p19ARF in mouse) promoter in fibroblasts and to contribute to cell immortalization. One of the main features of the UMS phenotype is the severe hypoplasia of the breast,(More)
In this work an integrated approach was used to identify functional miRNAs regulating gene pathway cross-talk in breast cancer (BC). We first integrated gene expression profiles and biological pathway information to explore the underlying associations between genes differently expressed among normal and BC samples and pathways enriched from these genes. For(More)