Gloria Benson

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This study was designed to determine whether conversational samples of language should be supplemented with samples obtained in narrative, or storytelling, contexts when evaluating the expressive language skills of individuals with mental retardation. Language samples were elicited in both conversational and narrative contexts from 16 school-age individuals(More)
Previous research has demonstrated considerable within-individual and within-group variability in the signaling of noncomprehension by persons with mental retardation. The first purpose of this study was to determine whether within-individual variability in such signaling was related to differences in the nature of the inadequate message and the identity of(More)
Listeners interpret utterances against the common ground, or network of presuppositions shared with the speaker. The first purpose of the study was to determine whether individuals with mental retardation use the major sources of common ground (i.e., physical copresence, linguistic copresence, and community membership) to resolve referential ambiguity. The(More)
The ability of adolescents with mental retardation to reason about other people's mental states was examined. Subjects were asked questions about the knowledge and beliefs of characters in stories that they heard and saw enacted with props. The adolescents with mental retardation performed worse than did children without mental retardation matched for MA.(More)
BACKGROUND Spanish is the second-most common language spoken in the United States, and Spanish speakers represent one third of the aging population. The National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center's Uniform Data Set implemented a Spanish neuropsychological battery. Previous work described the neuropsychological performance for English speakers. Here we(More)
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