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Two new lycopene β-cyclases (LCYBs) were cloned and characterized from grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.). During fruit ripening, CpLCYB1 expression did not show significant differences between 'Flame' (red flesh) and 'Marsh' (white flesh), and was much lower than CpLCYB2 and nearly constant; however, CpLCYB2 expression dramatically changed in a similar(More)
Genetic mapping with RAPD markers has been initiated in Citrus. Reproducible polymorphism of amplified DNA fragments was obtained with approximately half of the 140 random primers tested, revealing 266 segregating loci. These were tested for linkage using 60 BC1 progeny from an intergeneric cross of Citrus grandis (L.) Osb. x [Citrus grandis (L.) Osb. x(More)
An improved method for the Agrobacterium infiltration of epicotyl segments of 'Pineapple' sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] and 'Swingle' citrumelo [Citrus paradisi Macf. X Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.] was developed in order to increase transformation frequency. Sonication-assisted Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (SAAT), vacuum(More)
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) transgenic plants transformed with a variety of constructs derived from the Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) genome were tested for their resistance to the virus. Most transgenic lines were susceptible (27 lines), a few were partially resistant (6 lines) and only one line, transformed with the 3' end of CTV was resistant. Transgene(More)
A method for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Citrus and organogenic regeneration of transgenic plants is reported. Internodal stem segments were co-cultured with Agrobacterium harboring binary vectors that contained the genes for the scorable marker ß-glucuronidase (GUS) and the selectable marker NPT-II. A low but significant percentage (≤ 5%) of(More)
A new method was developed to detect DNA methylation in the Citrus genome using random amplification coupled with restriction enzyme digestion. Genomic DNA from Citrus grandis (L.) Osb., Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf., and their F1 hybrid was amplified using 7 individual 10-mer random primers. Prior to amplification the DNA templates were digested with 2(More)
Six cDNAs representing unique cold-induced sequences have been cloned from the hardy citrus relative Poncirus trifoliata. Among these, pBCORc115 and pBCORc119 were found to belong to the same gene family. Sequencing data indicated that pBCORc115 and pBCORc119 each contained an open reading frame, coding for a 19.8 kDa protein (COR19) and a smaller 11.4 kDa(More)
During tomato fruit ripening, photosynthetically competent thylakoid membranes are broken down and replaced by membranous deposits of carotenoids. Few of the proteins involved in this transition have been identified. We have used chloroplast protein import assays as a means to identify two cDNAs that encode proteins destined for the developing chromoplast.(More)
Genetic linkage analysis was performed using two segregating populations of citrus. One population arose from an intergeneric backcross of Citrus grandis (L.) Osb. cv 'Thong Dee' and Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. cv 'Pomeroy', using the former as the recurrent (female) parent. The other population came from an interspecific backcross of C. reticulata Blanco(More)
In the present study, the full-length cDNA sequences of PSY, PDS, and ZDS, encoding the early carotenoid biosynthetic enzymes in the carotenoid pathway of grapefruit (Citrus paradisi), were isolated and characterized for the first time. CpPSY contained a 1311-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a polypeptide of 436 amino acids, CpPDS contained a 1659-bp(More)