Glenna J Smith

Learn More
We present an efficient method of introducing fluorophore labels at selected locations in a large RNA. The method is based on specific and highly efficient hybridization between a fluorophore-containing DNA oligonucleotide and a modular hairpin loop replacing a functionally unimportant hairpin loop in the RNA. We demonstrate its feasibility using a(More)
The evolution of RNA conformation with Mg(2+) concentration ([Mg(2+)]) is typically determined from equilibrium titration measurements or nonequilibrium single [Mg(2+)]-jump measurements. We study the folding of single RNA molecules in response to a series of periodic [Mg(2+)] jumps. The 260-residue catalytic domain of RNase P RNA from Bacillus(More)
We demonstrate three-dimensional trapping and orientation of individual Au nanorods by using laser light slightly detuned from their longitudinal plasmon mode. Detuning to the long-wavelength side of the resonance allows stable trapping for several minutes, with an exponential dependence of trapping time on laser power (consistent with a Kramer's escape(More)
The process of large RNA folding is believed to proceed from many collapsed structures to a unique functional structure requiring precise organization of nucleotides. The diversity of possible structures and stabilities of large RNAs could result in non-exponential folding kinetics (e.g. stretched exponential) under conditions where the molecules have not(More)
Ninety-six percent of surveyed shallow-water Dry Tortugas reef corals died during the severe winter of 1976-1977. Data from skeletal stains indicate that death occurred during the mid-January intrusion of 14 degrees C water onto the reef. In deeper water, community parameters such as percent cover, species number, and relative abundance showed no(More)
Current methods of proteome analysis rely almost solely on two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) followed by the excision of individual spots and protein identification using mass spectrometry (MS) and database searching. 2-D PAGE is denaturing in both dimensions and, thus, cannot indicate functional associations between individual(More)
Fluorescence blinking in nanocrystal quantum dots is known to exhibit power-law dynamics, and several different mechanisms have been proposed to explain this behavior. We have extended the measurement of quantum-dot blinking by characterizing fluctuations in the fluorescence of single dots over time scales from microseconds to seconds. The power spectral(More)
Traditionally, microscopic fluctuations of molecules have been probed by measuring responses of an ensemble to perturbations. Now, single-molecule experiments are capable of following fluctuations without introducing perturbations. However, dynamics not readily sampled at equilibrium should be accessible to nonequilibrium single-molecule measurements. In a(More)
  • 1