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Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are vascular anomalies where arteries and veins are directly connected through a complex, tangled web of abnormal arteries and veins instead of a normal capillary network. AVMs in the brain, lung, and visceral organs, including the liver and gastrointestinal tract, result in considerable morbidity and mortality. AVMs are(More)
Disuse atrophy is a common clinical phenomenon that significantly impacts muscle function and activities of daily living. The purpose of this study was to implement genome-wide expression profiling to identify transcriptional pathways associated with muscle remodeling in a clinical model of disuse. Skeletal muscle biopsies were acquired from the medial(More)
The rate at which phosphocreatine (PCr) is resynthesized after exercise is related to muscle oxidative capacity (Vmax). With the use of a one-dimensional image-guided, localized nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy technique, PCr kinetics were monitored in the medial gastrocnemius of eight healthy subjects after voluntary, short duration, maximal rate(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an eight-week progressive resistance training programme on lower extremity strength, ambulatory function, fatigue and self-reported disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients (mean disability score 3.7 +/- 0.8). Eight MS subjects volunteered for twice weekly training sessions. During the first two(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of skeletal muscle atrophy and its relation to exercise intolerance and abnormal muscle metabolism in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS Peak VO2, percent ideal body weight (% IBW), 24-hour urine creatinine (Cr), and anthropometrics were measured in 62 ambulatory(More)
TAT (a cell penetrating peptide)-conjugated CdSratioMn/ZnS quantum dots (Qdots), intra-arterially delivered to a rat brain, rapidly (within a few minutes) labeled the brain tissue without manipulating the blood-brain-barrier (BBB). Qdot loading was sufficiently high that it allowed a gross fluorescent visualization of the whole rat brain using a low power(More)
The emergence of synthesis strategies for the fabrication of nanosized contrast agents is anticipated to lead to advancements in understanding biological processes at the molecular level in addition to progress in the development of diagnostic tools and innovative therapies. Imaging agents such as fluorescent dye-doped silica nanoparticles, quantum dots and(More)
Although restoration of dystrophin expression via exon skipping in both cardiac and skeletal muscle has been successfully demonstrated in the mdx mouse, restoration of cardiac dystrophin expression in large animal models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) has proven to be a challenge. In large animals, investigators have focused on using intravenous(More)
STUDY DESIGN Experimental rat model of spinal cord contusion injury (contusion SCI). OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were (1) to characterize the longitudinal changes in rat lower hindlimb muscle morphology following contusion SCI by using magnetic resonance imaging and (2) to determine the therapeutic potential of two types of locomotor training,(More)
We investigated the relationship between energy-rich phosphate content and muscle fiber-type composition in human skeletal muscle using a combination of 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), histochemical, and biochemical analyses of muscle biopsies. Localized 31P spectra were collected simultaneously from the predominantly slow-twitch soleus(More)