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STUDY DESIGN Experimental rat model of spinal cord contusion injury (contusion SCI). OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were (1) to characterize the longitudinal changes in rat lower hindlimb muscle morphology following contusion SCI by using magnetic resonance imaging and (2) to determine the therapeutic potential of two types of locomotor training,(More)
During isometric contractions, no true work is performed, so the force-time integral (FTI) is often used to approximate isometric work. However, the relationship between FTI and metabolic cost is not as linear. We tested the hypothesis that this nonlinearity was due to the cost of attaining a given force being greater than that of maintaining it. The ATP(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of treadmill locomotor training on the expression of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF1) and changes in myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) in rat soleus muscle following spinal cord injury (SCI). Moderate, midthoracic (T(8)) contusion SCIs were produced using a NYU (New York University) impactor.(More)
Principal component analysis (PCA) is a powerful method for quantitative analysis of nuclear magnetic resonance spectral data sets. It has the advantage of being model independent, making it well suited for the analysis of spectra with complicated or unknown line shapes. Previous applications of PCA have required that all spectra in a data set be in phase(More)
Gene and stem cell transfer have shown tremendous potential in rescuing dystrophic muscle in animal models. However, monitoring of gene transfer efficacy in clinical settings currently requires invasive muscle biopsies. We determined whether (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and imaging (MRI) could be used to noninvasively monitor gene correction(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has been linked to cardiac dysfunction and hypertension-induced cardiac pathophysiology. In this study, we used a gene overexpression approach to investigate the role of ACE2 in cardiac function and remodeling after myocardial infarction. Rats received an intracardiac injection of 4.5x10(8) lentivirus containing ACE2(More)
The effects of a potent adenosine deaminase inhibitor, deoxycoformycin, on purine and amino acid neuro-transmitter release from the ischemic rat cerebral cortex were studied with the cortical cup technique. Cerebral ischemia (20 min) was elicited by four-vessel occlusion. Purine and amino acid releases were compared from control ischemic animals and(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) is frequently used to study structural and biochemical properties of skeletal muscle. Changes in proton transverse relaxation (T2) properties have been used to study muscle cellular damage, as well as muscle activation during exercise protocols. In this study, we implemented MR imaging to characterize the T2 relaxation properties of(More)
The effects of two nucleoside transport inhibitors, dipyridamole and soluflazine, on adenosine, inosine and oxypurine release from the normoxic and hypoxic/ischemic rat cerebral cortex have been studied. Dipyridamole (500 micrograms/kg) enhanced adenosine release during hypoxic/ischemic challenges in comparison with saline-injected controls. It decreased(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an eight-week progressive resistance training programme on lower extremity strength, ambulatory function, fatigue and self-reported disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients (mean disability score 3.7 +/- 0.8). Eight MS subjects volunteered for twice weekly training sessions. During the first two(More)