Glenn W. Cox

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Picolinic acid, a catabolite of L-tryptophan, activates the transcription of the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene (iNOS) in IFN-gamma-treated murine macrophages. We performed functional studies on the 5' flanking region of the iNOS gene linked to a CAT reporter gene to identify the cis-acting element(s) responsible for the activation of iNOS(More)
The J2 recombinant retrovirus expressing v-myc/v-raf (also known as MYC/RAF1) immortalized macrophages from the bone marrow of lipopolysaccharide-responsive mouse strains, producing the ANA-1 cell line from C57BL/6 mice and the INF-3A cell line from C3H/HeN mice. In contrast, J2 recombinant retrovirus infection of the fetal liver from C57BL/6-Ly-5a mice(More)
The critical regulatory function of nitric oxide (NO) in many physiologic processes is well established. However, in an aerobic aqueous environment NO is known to generate one or more reactive and potentially toxic nitrogen oxide (NOx) metabolites. This has led to the speculation that mechanisms must exist in vivo by which these reactive intermediates are(More)
Human serum macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP) is a disulfide-linked heterodimer that induces motile and phagocytic activity of mouse resident peritoneal macrophages. In this work, we found that MSP blocked the increase in macrophage nitric oxide synthase mRNA, as well as the associated increase in nitric oxide production, that occurred in response to(More)
Picolinic acid, a catabolite of L-tryptophan, is a potent co-stimulatory agent for the induction of tumoricidal activity and the production of L-arginine-dependent reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI) in murine macrophages. We studied whether picolinic acid could affect nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) expression at the gene level in the macrophage cell line(More)
We have previously reported that a 19-base pair element of the 5'-flanking region of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene containing a sequence homology to a hypoxia-responsive enhancer (iNOS-HRE) mediates picolinic acid (PA)- or hypoxia-induced activation of the iNOS promoter in interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-treated murine macrophages. The iron(More)
The activation of Janus kinases (JAKs) is crucial for propagation of the proliferative response initiated by many cytokines. The proliferation of various cell lines, particularly those of hematopoietic origin, is also modulated by mediators of oxidative stress such as nitric oxide and thiol redox reagents. Herein we demonstrate that nitric oxide and other(More)
Many tumor cells or their secreted products suppress the function of tumor-infiltrating macrophages. Tumor cells often produce abundant transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), which in addition to other immunosuppressive actions suppresses the inducible isoform of NO synthase. TGF-beta1 is secreted in a latent form, which consists of TGF-beta1(More)
We have previously established that IFN-gamma plus IL-2 induces murine macrophage tumoricidal activity. The purpose of this study was to identify the effector molecules that account for the IFN-gamma plus IL-2-induced macrophage cytotoxicity against P815 mastocytoma cells. ANA-1 macrophages and normal thioglycollate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages(More)
We recently reported that a hypoxia-responsive element mediates a novel pathway of transcriptional activation of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) promoter in murine macrophages treated with IFN-gamma plus hypoxia (1% O2). In this study, we investigated the expression of NOS activity and the regulation of NOS induction in IFN-gamma treated ANA-1(More)