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Formation constants for the calcium(II), magnesium(II) and zinc(II) complexes of the orally effective iron chelator, pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) and three analogues, pyridoxal benzoyl hydrazone (PBH), pyridoxal p-methoxybenzoyl hydrazone (PpMBH) and pyridoxal m-fluorobenzoyl hydrazone (PmFBH) have been determined by potentiometry at 25 degrees C(More)
There is mounting evidence that Cu(I) is the most important oxidation state of copper in many physiological systems. Research into Cu(I)-thioamino acid complex formation serves not only to improve the chelation therapy for treating copper intoxication but may also provide a better understanding of many facets of normal copper metabolism. Formation constants(More)
Estimates of the concentrations and identity of the predominant complexes of iron with the low-molecular-mass ligands in vivo are important to improve current understanding of the metabolism of this trace element. These estimates require a knowledge of the stability of the iron-citrate complexes. Previous studies on the equilibrium properties of the(More)
A systematic study of the dielectric relaxation spectra of aqueous solutions of LiCl and Li2SO4 has been made at solute concentrations of 0.05 < or = c/M < or = 1.0 and 2.0, respectively, and over a wide range of frequencies (0.2 < or = nu/GHz < or = 89) at 25 degrees C. The spectra were best described by a superposition of four Debye processes, consisting(More)
The stability (formation) constants of the binary Cu(I)-CN(-) complexes have been measured in five aqueous mixtures containing from 10% to 70% v/v acetonitrile (MeCN) by glass electrode potentiometry at 25 degrees C and an ionic strength of l M (NaClO(4)). The constants show monotonic increases with MeCN concentration, the changes being greatest for the(More)
We have measured the intermolecular dynamics of the 1,3-dialkylimidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) [emim][BF(4)], [emim][DCA], and [bmim][DCA] at 25 degrees C from below 1 GHz to 10 THz by ultrafast optical Kerr effect (OKE) spectroscopy and dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) augmented by time-domain terahertz and far-infrared(More)
The possible role of urea and trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) in providing positive buoyancy has been examined for elasmobranch fishes. TMAO has a considerably lower density than an equimolar solution of urea, and solutions of both TMAO and urea are considerably less dense than equimolar solutions of most other body fluid solutes. The body fluid composition of(More)