Glenn S. Maitz

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The authors compared two methodological approaches, Jackknife ROC and JAFROC, in analyzing data ascertained during FROC (free-response receiver operating characteristics) type studies. Observer rating data obtained from two observer performance studies were analyzed. During the first study, seven radiologists interpreted 120 mammography examinations(More)
We have developed a Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) compatible image compression scheme tailored to the compression of digitized mammographic images. This includes a preprocessing step that segments the tissue area from the background, replaces the background pixels with a constant value, and applies a noise-removal filter to the tissue area. The(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The goal of mammography screening is to detect breast cancer at early stages, but because of the complexity of the breast parenchyma and the variability of signs of the disease, many cancers go unreported when initially visible on the mammogram. We compared the visual search strategy used by experienced mammographers in a case set(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors' purpose was to assess the effects of Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) image data compression on the performance of computer-assisted detection (CAD) schemes for the detection of masses and microcalcification clusters on digitized mammograms. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study included 952 mammograms that were(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors designed, assembled, tested, and clinically evaluated a high-quality, fast, and relatively inexpensive telemammography system. METHODS The authors designed a telemammography system that uses a high-resolution film digitizer and high data compression (> or = 40:1) to send images over regular telephone lines to a(More)
Measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF) were performed using the microsphere technique in non-human primates (baboons) to assess the effect of non-radioactive xenon gas inhalation on CBF. Blood flows in small tissue volumes (approximately 1 cm3) were directly measured before and during the inhalation of xenon/oxygen gas mixtures. The results of these(More)
Xenon computerized tomography (Xe CT) blood flow studies were conducted in 25 patients referred for a possible extracranial-intracranial bypass procedure for occlusive vascular disease in one or more extra- or intracranial vessels. These studies were helpful in selecting eight candidates for surgery. The Xe CT studies were performed at one or two brain(More)
Simultaneous measurements of cerebral blood flow have been performed in baboons to assess the correlation between the acute and invasive nondiffusible microsphere technique and the noninvasive xenon-enhanced CT method. Blood flows in small tissue volumes (approximately 1 cm3) were directly compared. The results of these studies demonstrate a statistically(More)
In this study, we developed and tested a new multiview-based computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme that aims to maintain the same case-based sensitivity level as a single-image-based scheme while substantially increasing the number of masses being detected on both ipsilateral views. An image database of 450 four-view examinations (1800 images) was(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Our goal was to investigate the effect of the displayed image size on variance components during the performance of an observer performance study to detect masses on abdominal computed tomography (CT) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS A previously performed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) study with eight observers to(More)