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Human X- and Y-chromosome-bearing spermatozoa were separated based on their DNA content, using modified flow cytometric cell sorting technology. The resulting separation purity of the X-bearing from Y-bearing spermatozoa was evaluated using in-situ hybridization with alpha satellite DNA probes for the X- and Y-chromosomes. In the putative X-enriched-sorted(More)
Sex preselection that is based on flow-cytometric measurement of sperm DNA content to enable sorting of X- from Y-chromosome-bearing sperm has proven reproducible at various locations and with many species at greater than 90% purity. Offspring of the predetermined sex in both domestic animals and human beings have been born using this technology since its(More)
The use of frozen semen in the swine industry is limited by problems with viability and fertility compared with liquid semen. Part of the reduction in sperm motility and fertility associated with cryopreservation may be due to oxidative damage from excessive or inappropriate formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Chemiluminescence measurements of ROS(More)
The objectives for the present experiments were to apply sperm sexing technology to an in vitro production system with porcine oocytes obtained from slaughterhouse material. On six experimental days, ovaries were obtained from an abattoir, and cumulus-oocyte-complexes were matured in vitro. Semen was collected from mature boars of proven fertility and was(More)
Boar, bull and ram spermatozoa were examined after staining with the DNA-permeant Hoechst 33342 fluorochrome and flow cytometric sorting in the presence or absence of seminal plasma. Spermatozoa were assessed for viability with flow cytometry using the live cell nucleic acid stain SYBR-14 and propidium iodide (PI), and for membrane integrity using(More)
Laboratory validation is essential in developing an effective method for separating X and Y sperm to preselect sex. Utilizing sexed sperm from a particular experiment to test fertility and achieve the subsequent phenotypic sex without knowing the likely outcome at conception is too costly for most applications. Further, research advances need to be built on(More)
The present study examined the ability to establish pregnancies after transfer of pig embryos derived from in vitro fertilization (IVF) of in vitro matured (IVM) oocytes by X and Y chromosome-bearing spermatozoa sorted by flow cytometry. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were cultured in BSA-free NCSU-23 medium containing porcine follicular fluid (10%),(More)
Present-day cellular systems biology is producing data on an unprecedented scale. This field has generated a renewed interest in the holistic, "system" character of cell structure-and-function. Underlying the data deluge, however, there is a clear and present need for a historical foundation. The origin of the "system" view of the cell dates to the birth of(More)
X and Y chromosome paints were developed from sorted yak chromosomes for sexing cattle spermatozoa. Clear hybridization signals were obtained for every spermatozoon using a modified sperm decondensation protocol and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The procedure was evaluated using the established Beltsville sperm sexing technology, which(More)
2 SUMMARY We provide a critical survey of some of the major limitations of the principles and applications of metabolic control analysis, with special reference to the enhancement of fluxes of biotechnological interest. Experimental methods of single-cell analysis such as flow cytometry show that the implicit assumption that we study and model ensembles of(More)