Glenn P. Johnson

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In the crystal structure of cellulose I beta, disordered hydrogen bonding can be represented by the average of two mutually exclusive hydrogen bonding schemes that have been designated A and B. An unanswered question is whether A and B interconvert dynamically, or whether they are static but present in different regions of the microfibril (giving temporally(More)
Adiabatic Φ/ψ maps for cellobiose were prepared with B3LYP density functional theory. A mixed basis set was used for minimization, followed with 6-31+G(d) single-point calculations, with and without SMD continuum solvation. Different arrangements of the exocyclic groups (38 starting geometries) were considered for each Φ/ψ point. The vacuum calculations(More)
Acylated beta-cyclodextrins (beta-CDs) were studied to gain perspective on maltose octapropanoate, the crystal structure of which was reported in the preceding paper in this issue. Acylated beta-CDs are distorted so we looked at other CDs and gained increased understanding of distortion in CDs and possibly, shapes in starch. Classic CDs have six to eight(More)
The crystal structure of beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose (alpha-cellobiose) in a complex with water and NaI was determined with Mo K(alpha) radiation at 150 K to R=0.027. The space group is P2(1) and unit cell dimensions are a=9.0188, b=12.2536, c=10.9016 A, beta=97.162 degrees. There are no direct hydrogen bonds among cellobiose(More)
Electrospray ionization and collision induced dissociation on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer were used to determine the effect of spatial crowding of incremented alkyl groups of two anomeric pairs of peralkylated (methyl to pentyl) disaccharides (maltose/cellobiose and isomaltose/gentiobiose). Protonated molecules were generated which underwent(More)
OH and HO2 concentrations were measured simultaneously at the Mace Head Atmospheric Research Station in the summer of 2002 during the NAMBLEX (North Atlantic Marine Boundary Layer EXperiment) field campaign. OH was measured by laser-induced fluorescence employing the FAGE (Fluorescence Assay by Gas Expansion) technique, with a mean daytime detection limit(More)
Structures, dynamics, and stabilities of different sized cellulosic oligomers need to be considered when designing enzymatic cocktails for the conversion of biomass to biofuels since they can be both productive substrates and inhibitors of the overall process. In the present work, the conformational variability, hydrogen bonding, and mechanical properties(More)
Correlated ab initio wave function calculations using MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ model chemistry have been performed for three test sets of gas phase saccharide conformations to provide reference values for their relative energies. The test sets consist of 15 conformers of α- and β-d-allopyranose, 15 of 3,6-anhydro-4-O-methyl-d-galactitol, and four of(More)
The North Atlantic Marine Boundary Layer Experiment (NAMBLEX), involving over 50 scientists from 12 institutions, took place at Mace Head, Ireland (53.32 N, 9.90 W), between 23 July and 4 September 2002. A wide range of state-of-the-art instrumentation enabled detailed measurements of the boundary layer structure and atmospheric composition in the gas and(More)
Eighteen empirical force fields and the semi-empirical quantum method PM3CARB-1 were compared for studying beta-cellobiose, alpha-maltose, and alpha-galabiose [alpha-D-Galp-(1-->4)-alpha-D-Galp]. For each disaccharide, the energies of 54 conformers with differing hydroxymethyl, hydroxyl, and glycosidic linkage orientations were minimized by the different(More)