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PURPOSE We studied the safety, clinical activity, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of AG-013736, an oral receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial cell growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and c-Kit, in patients with advanced cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients received fixed doses of AG-013736 orally in 28-day cycles. In the first(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) has been the backbone of treatment for metastatic prostate cancer since the 1940s. We assessed whether concomitant treatment with ADT plus docetaxel would result in longer overall survival than that with ADT alone. METHODS We assigned men with metastatic, hormone-sensitive prostate cancer to receive either ADT(More)
Hypertension is a mechanism-based toxic effect of drugs that inhibit the vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway (VSP). Substantial evidence exists for managing hypertension as a chronic condition, but there are few prospectively collected data on managing acute hypertension caused by VSP inhibitors. The Investigational Drug Steering Committee(More)
PURPOSE Identifying suitable markers of biologic activity is important when assessing novel compounds such as angiogenesis inhibitors to optimize the dose and schedule of therapy. Here we present the pharmacodynamic response to acute dosing of AG-013736 measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is a prostate tumor antigen. We have previously demonstrated that a DNA vaccine encoding PAP can elicit antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in rodents. We report here the results of a phase I/IIa trial conducted with a DNA vaccine encoding human PAP in patients with stage D0 prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2; Panzem) is an endogenous, estradiol-17beta metabolite that at pharmacologic doses exerts antimitotic and antiangiogenic activities. Studies with a 2ME2 capsule formulation showed limited oral bioavailability. We report the results of a phase I study using a NanoCrystal Dispersion formulation of 2ME2 (2ME2 NCD). (More)
PURPOSE In this single institution Phase II trial, we evaluated the efficacy of the vitamin D analogue, 1alpha-OH-D(2), in patients with advanced hormone-refractory prostate cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The patients initially received 1alpha-OH-D(2) at 12.5 micro g p.o. every day, which was dose adjusted for hypercalcemia. Given the cytostatic nature of(More)
PURPOSE Docetaxel is standard of care for androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC). Doxercalciferol (1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D2) had modest activity in phase I/II trials. Preclinical data support combining vitamin D analogues with docetaxel to treat AIPC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Chemotherapy-naive men with metastatic AIPC were randomized 1:1 to receive, on(More)
Prior to the advent of VEGF-targeted therapies, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) was among the few solid tumors shown to respond to cytokine-based therapies such as interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon alpha. Previous work has shown that aminobisphosphonates, including zoledronic acid (ZA), are capable of activating human Vγ9 Vδ2 T cells in vitro, and these cells(More)
PURPOSE Evolving treatments, disease phenotypes, and biology, together with a changing drug development environment, have created the need to revise castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) clinical trial recommendations to succeed those from prior Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Groups. METHODS An international expert committee of prostate(More)