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The cerebral cortex is a complex laminated structure generated by the sequential migration of developing neurons from the ventricular zone. One of the molecules that may play a role in cortical morphogenesis is N-cadherin since its blocking causes disruption of the ordered arrangement of cells in other neural tissues, such as the neural retina. Here, we(More)
Persistent changes in spine shape are coupled to long-lasting synaptic plasticity in hippocampus. The molecules that coordinate such persistent structural and functional plasticity are unknown. Here, we generated mice in which the cell adhesion molecule N-cadherin was conditionally ablated from postnatal, excitatory synapses in hippocampus. We applied to(More)
It is generally accepted that the intercalated disc (ICD) required for mechano-electrical coupling in the heart consists of three distinct junctional complexes: adherens junctions, desmosomes and gap junctions. However, recent morphological and molecular data indicate a mixing of adherens junctional and desmosomal components, resulting in a 'hybrid adhering(More)
The globin gene family represents an attractive system for the study of gene regulation during mammalian development, as its expression is subject to both tissue-specific and temporal regulation. While many aspects of globin gene structure and expression have been described extensively, relatively little is known about the cis-acting DNA sequences involved(More)
Our previous studies showed an essential role for connexin 43 or alpha1 connexin (Cx43alpha1) gap junctions in the modulation of neural crest cell motility. Cx43alpha1 gap junctions and N-cadherin containing adherens junctions are expressed in migrating cardiac neural crest cells. Analysis of the N-cadherin knockout (KO) mouse model revealed that N-cadherin(More)
To investigate the functions of P-cadherin in vivo, we have mutated the gene encoding this cell adhesion receptor in mice. In contrast to E- and N-cadherin- deficient mice, mice homozygous for the P-cadherin mutation are viable. Although P-cadherin is expressed at high levels in the placenta, P-cadherin-null females are fertile. P-cadherin expression is(More)
Somitogenesis during early stages in the chick and mouse embryo was examined in relation to N-cadherin-mediated adhesion. Previous studies indicated that N-cadherin localizes to the somite regions during their formation. Those observations were extended to include a spatiotemporal immunohistochemical analyses of beta-catenin and alpha-catenin, as well as a(More)
Myoblast fusion is essential to muscle tissue development yet remains poorly understood. N-cadherin, like other cell surface adhesion molecules, has been implicated by others in muscle formation based on its pattern of expression and on inhibition of myoblast aggregation and fusion by antibodies or peptide mimics. Mice rendered homozygous null for(More)
Adherens junctions and desmosomes are intercellular adhesive junctions and essential for the morphogenesis, differentiation, and maintenance of tissues that are subjected to high mechanical stress, including heart and skin. The different junction complexes are organized at the termini of the cardiomyocyte called the intercalated disc. Disruption of adhesive(More)
Developing somites express two subtypes of classic cadherin adhesion receptors, N-cadherin and cadherin-11 (cad11). To investigate the role of these adhesion molecules in somite morphogenesis, we analyzed the somites of mice whose N-cadherin and cad11 genes were disrupted. The epithelial somites of N-cadherin null mutant mice were fragmented as reported,(More)