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A long-term goal of numerous research projects is to identify biomarkers for in vitro systems predicting toxicity in vivo. Often, transcriptomics data are used to identify candidates for further evaluation. However, a systematic directory summarizing key features of chemically influenced genes in human hepatocytes is not yet available. To bridge this gap,(More)
This is the 52nd report of a series of workshops organised by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM). The main objective of ECVAM, as defined in 1993 by its Scientific Advisory Committee, is to promote the scientific and regulatory acceptance of alternative methods which are of importance to the biosciences, and that reduce,(More)
Modern approaches to drug discovery have dramatically increased the speed and quantity of compounds that are made and tested for potential potency. The task of collecting, organizing, and assimilating this information is a major bottleneck in the discovery of new drugs. We have developed LeadScope a novel, interactive computer program for visualizing,(More)
Drug-induced block of the cardiac hERG (human Ether-à-go-go-Related Gene) potassium channel delays cardiac repolarization and increases the risk of Torsade de Pointes (TdP), a potentially lethal arrhythmia. A positive hERG assay has been embraced by regulators as a non-clinical predictor of TdP despite a discordance of about 30%. To test whether assaying(More)
SPROUT is a computer program for constrained structure generation. It is designed to generate molecules for a range of applications in molecular recognition. The program uses a number of approximations that enable a wide variety of diverse structures to be generated. Practical use of the program is demonstrated in two examples. The first demonstrates the(More)
Foreign substances can have a dramatic and unpredictable adverse effect on human health. In the development of new therapeutic agents, it is essential that the potential adverse effects of all candidates be identified as early as possible. The field of predictive toxicology strives to profile the potential for adverse effects of novel chemical substances(More)
We present a new method for constructing discriminating substructures by reassembling common medicinal chemistry building blocks. The algorithm can be parametrized to meet differing objectives: (1) to build features that discriminate for biological activity in a local structural neighborhood, (2) to build scaffolds for R-group analysis, (3) to construct(More)
This note presents a combination of published and preliminary electroweak results from the four LEP collaborations which were prepared for the 1995 summer conferences. Averages of LEP results concerning electroweak physics are presented. They are derived from the measurements of hadronic and leptonic cross sections, the leptonic forward-backward(More)
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