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PURPOSE Radiation therapy for CNS germ cell tumors (GCT) is commonly associated with neurologic sequelae. We designed a therapeutic trial to determine whether irradiation could be avoided. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients received four cycles of carboplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin. Those with a complete response (CR) received two further cycles; others(More)
BACKGROUND Intermediate or surrogate endpoints for survival can shorten time lines for drug approval. We aimed to assess circulating tumour cell (CTC) count as a prognostic factor for survival in patients with progressive, metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer receiving first-line chemotherapy. METHODS We identified patients with progressive(More)
PURPOSE The development of tumor-specific markers to select targeted therapies and to assess clinical outcome remains a significant area of unmet need. We evaluated the association of baseline circulating tumor cell (CTC) number with clinical characteristics and survival in patients with castrate metastatic disease considered for different hormonal and(More)
BACKGROUND Abiraterone acetate (AA) is an androgen biosynthesis inhibitor shown to prolong life in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) already treated with chemotherapy. AA treatment results in dramatic declines in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in some patients and no declines in others, suggesting the presence of molecular(More)
OBJECTIVE --To assess the cardiac status of long-term survivors of pediatric malignancies who received chemotherapy, including anthracyclines. DESIGN AND METHOD -Patients were evaluated by echocardiogram from 4 to 20 years (median, 7 years) after completion of anthracyclines, with prospective and retrospective analysis. PATIENTS --The consecutive sample(More)
PURPOSE Adjuvant chemotherapy improves disease-free survival (DFS) for patients with osteogenic sarcoma (OS). We reviewed our experience with OS to determine prognostic factors, the role of preoperative chemotherapy and subsequent histologic response, and the role of salvage chemotherapy after poor initial response. METHODS From 1975 to 1984, we saw 279(More)
PURPOSE Ansamycin antibiotics, including 17allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), inhibit Hsp90 function and cause the selective degradation of signaling proteins that require this chaperone for folding. Because mutations in the androgen receptor (AR) and activation of HER2 and Akt may account, in part, for prostate cancer progression after(More)
BACKGROUND Imatinib mesylate inhibits several tyrosine kinases, including BCR-ABL, the C-KIT receptor, and the platelet-derived growth factor receptors alpha and beta, all of which are associated with disease. We observed that hypophosphatemia developed in some patients with either chronic myelogenous leukemia or gastrointestinal stromal tumors who were(More)
PURPOSE In osteosarcoma, prognostic factors at diagnosis other than clinical stage have not been clearly identified. The aim of this study was to determine whether human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/erbB-2, p-glycoprotein, or p53 expression correlated with histologic response to preoperative chemotherapy or event-free survival. PATIENTS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was done to define the extent of disease and evaluate the effect of staging and treatment variables on progression-free survival in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma who were less than 21 years of age at diagnosis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Differentiated thyroid cancer in young patients is associated with early regional(More)