Glenn G Amatucci

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Materials that undergo a conversion reaction with lithium (e.g., metal fluorides MF(2): M = Fe, Cu, ...) often accommodate more than one Li atom per transition-metal cation, and are promising candidates for high-capacity cathodes for lithium ion batteries. However, little is known about the mechanisms involved in the conversion process, the origins of the(More)
Near-theoretical utilization of high-energy-density CuF2 positive electrode materials for lithium batteries was enabled through the use of nanocomposites consisting of 2-30 nm domains of CuF2 within a mixed ionic + electronic conducting matrix of a metal oxide. Small but significant crystallographic changes to the core crystal of the CuF2 were found to(More)
Potentiostatic intermittent titration technique (PITT) was applied to FeF2, FeF3, and FeO0.67F1.33 to gain insight into the transport-related aspects of the conversion reaction by quantitative analysis of Li(+) diffusion and hysteresis. PITT derived diffusion coefficient measurements were benchmarked relative to values extracted by electrochemical impedance(More)
Sodium-ion batteries utilize various electrode materials derived from lithium batteries. However, the different characteristics inherent in sodium may cause unexpected cell reactions and battery performance. Thus, identifying the reactive discrepancy between sodiation and lithiation is essential for fundamental understanding and practical engineering of(More)
A new type of positive electrode for Li-ion batteries has been developed recently based on FeF3/C and FeF2/C nanocomposites. The microstructural and redox evolution during discharge and recharge processes was followed by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) to determine the valence state of Fe by measuring the Fe L3 line energy shift and from Fe L3/L2(More)
Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) is a powerful technique for studying Li-ion battery materials because the valence state of the transition metal in the electrode and charge transfer during lithiation and delithiation processes can be analyzed by measuring the relative intensity of the transition metal L₃ and L₂ lines. In addition, the Li(More)
In-depth analysis of operando X-ray pair distribution function (PDF) data is combined with Li NMR spectroscopy to gain comprehensive insights into the electrochemical reaction mechanism of high-performance iron oxyfluoride electrodes. While the full discharge capacity could be recovered upon charge, implying reversibility of the electrochemical reaction,(More)
The complex coupling of atomic, chemical, and electronic transformations across multiple length scales underlies the performance of electrochemical energy storage devices. Here, the coupling of chemistry with atomic- and nanoscale structure in iron conversion electrodes is resolved by combining pair distribution function (PDF) and small-angle X-ray(More)
Mechanisms of Bismuth Fluoride Nanocomposites M. Bervas, A. N. Mansour,* W.-S. Yoon,* J. F. Al-Sharab, F. Badway, F. Cosandey, L. C. Klein, and G. G. Amatucci* Energy Storage Research Group, and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA Naval Surface Warfare Center,(More)
Enabling practical utilization of layered R3̅m positive electrodes near full delithiation requires an enhanced understanding of the complex electrode-electrolyte interactions that often induce failure. Using Li[Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05]O2 (NCA) as a model layered compound, the chemical and structural stability in a strenuous thermal and electrochemical environment(More)