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The genomes of 51 isolates of slowly cytopathic equine herpesviruses were examined by digestion with restriction endonucleases. Forty-seven of the isolates showed considerable fragment pattern heterogeneity although common fragments were evident, especially when any two isolates were compared or when they were digested with SalI. Fifteen of the 47 viruses,(More)
The complete genome of Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain R(low) has been sequenced. The genome is composed of 996,422 bp with an overall G+C content of 31 mol%. It contains 742 putative coding DNA sequences (CDSs), representing a 91 % coding density. Function has been assigned to 469 of the CDSs, while 150 encode conserved hypothetical proteins and 123 remain(More)
Calf fecal rotavirus strains were serotyped in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, using monoclonal antibodies to the VP7s of serotypes 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 and to the VP4 of B223 (designated serotype 10). Sixty-six percent of 162 samples were typed as serotype 6, and 7% were serotyped as serotype 10. Most of the untyped strains did not react with a monoclonal(More)
A group A rotavirus designated L338 was isolated from the faeces of a diarrhoeic foal and was compared to 11 standard G serotype strains of group A rotaviruses by cross-neutralization. It was clearly distinct from serotypes G1 to G11 and thus representative of a novel rotavirus G serotype tentatively designated G13. The nucleic acid sequence of the virion(More)
Foal fecal group A rotavirus strains were characterized by electropherotype, serotype, and subgroup and shown to be distinctly different from rotaviruses of other mammals. Of 86 strains that were electropherotyped, 98% had similar profiles, with gene segments 3 and 4 close together and segments 7, 8, and 9 widely spaced. Of 70 strains that had sufficient(More)
The epidemiology of equine herpesvirus 2 was examined by using restriction endonuclease DNA fingerprints to distinguish viruses isolated from two groups of horses. The first group consisted of three yearlings isolated from other horses but in contact with each other for 418 days, whereas the second comprised seven mares and their foals, which were sampled(More)
The genome of the avian pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum contains a number of related genes for putative adhesion molecules (pMGA). Cloning and sequence analysis of several pMGA genes suggested that all of them might be transcriptionally and translationally functional. Analysis of the gene sequence encoding the sole pMGA variant expressed in vitro in the(More)
Equine rotavirus FI23 was shown to be prototypic of a novel G serotype, provisionally G14, by cross-neutralization and VP7 sequence determination. Although distinct, there are as few as six differing amino acid residues (92, 94, 96, 146, 147, and 221) in the VP7 antigenic regions of FI23 and G3 rotaviruses.
To improve diagnosis of mastitis in dairy cattle, a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was developed for the simultaneous detection of the four major bacterial causes of bovine mastitis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and Streptococcus uberis. The target sequence was the 16S to 23S rRNA spacer(More)
The origin of, and relationship between human and bovine serotype G 8 rotaviruses were investigated by genomic hybridisation. Radiolabelled mRNAs of human G 8 rotaviruses 69 M (isolated in Indonesia) and HAL 1271 (isolated in Finland), and bovine rotaviruses KK 3 (G 10) and NCDV (G 6), were used as probes. The products of liquid hybridisation between the(More)