Glenn F. Guerin

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The role of corticosterone in cocaine reinforcement was investigated in rats exposed to either response-contingent electric footshock, noncontingent shock or no shock prior to the initiation of testing for intravenous cocaine self-administration. Although rats from the two shock groups were consistently more sensitive to cocaine, plasma corticosterone was(More)
The experiments described below were designed to investigate whether contingent versus non-contingent electric footshock would affect the acquisition of intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats. During the first component of a multiple schedule, triads of rats were trained to respond under a discrete-trial, fixed-ratio 10 schedule of food(More)
Ketoconazole is an oral antimycotic agent approved by the FDA for the treatment of fungal disease which also blocks the synthesis of adrenocorticosteroids and functions as a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist. In these experiments, adult male Wistar rats were allowed alternating 15-min periods of access to food reinforcement and cocaine self-administration(More)
Previous research has suggested the potential involvement of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in psychostimulant reinforcement. In particular, we have found significant correlations between electric footshock-induced increases in plasma corticosterone and the acquisition, or lack thereof, of intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats. The(More)
The role for corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) receptors in the maintenance of intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats was investigated using the centrally active, small molecule CRH1 receptor antagonist CP-154,526. In these experiments, adult male Wistar rats were allowed alternating 15-min periods of access to food reinforcement and cocaine(More)
The specificity of benzodiazepine pretreatment on the reinforcing efficacy of cocaine was investigated using a multiple schedule of cocaine and food presentation. Cocaine was available under a fixed-ratio 4 schedule of reinforcement during 1 h of the session, while food was delivered under a discrete-trial, fixed-ratio 10 schedule during the other.(More)
Research from our laboratory has explored the role of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in cocaine reinforcement. These experiments were designed to determine the involvement of the HPA axis in extinction. Male Wistar rats were trained to self-administer cocaine [0.125, 0.25, or 0.5 mg/kg/infusion (inf)] and food pellets (45 mg) under a multiple,(More)
For several years, our laboratory has investigated the role for the HPA axis in cocaine reinforcement. Two classes of drugs that we have studied include corticosterone synthesis inhibitors (e.g., metyrapone) and benzodiazepine receptor agonists (e.g., oxazepam). In the experiments described in this manuscript, we tested the effects of various doses of(More)
We have previously reported that pretreatment with benzodiazepines reduces intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats. This experiment was designed to investigate whether or not benzodiazepines would also inhibit the reinstatement of cocaine seeking induced by the presentation of a conditioned reinforcer. Adult male rats were implanted with jugular(More)
The function of dopaminergic innervations of the central medial nucleus accumbens in the processes maintaining intravenous morphine self-administration was assessed by lesioning with 6-OHDA and comparing drug intake with sham-vehicle treated littermates. Localized bilateral lesions of this structure resulted in significant increases in morphine intake(More)