Glenn Codere

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OBJECTIVE As at December 1998, 87% of the estimated 33 million people living with HIV throughout the world resided in Africa and South East Asia. In Scotland (and the United Kingdom), a major public health concern has been that non-B subtypes of HIV which predominate in the regions above might enter the country and spread heterosexually among the indigenous(More)
INTRODUCTION In 2004, Scotland's Health Minister stated that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) "is one of the most serious and significant public health risks of our generation". METHODS To appreciate the prevention and care challenges posed by HCV in Scotland, we reviewed all country-specific data on i) the prevalence of infection among different populations,(More)
Objectives To determine whether the increase in HIV diagnoses since 1997 among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the UK reflects a rise in HIV incidence or an increase in HIV testing. Methods Estimates of HIV incidence were derived using data from UK HIV surveillance systems (HIV diagnoses; CD4 surveillance; unlinked anonymous surveys) for 1997-2004. Data(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate temporal trends in HIV incidence and prevalence in Scotland, according to three main risk groups for infection: men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDUs) and heterosexuals. METHODS The authors extracted data for all single- and multiple-tested individuals from the national HIV test database covering the period(More)
The HIV prevalence, among patients either undergoing, or with the potential to undergo, surgery were estimated using data from unlinked anonymous HIV surveys of patients in Glasgow hospitals during 1992-1997 in order to quantify the risk of surgeons acquiring HIV occupationally in the era of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) availability. A range of(More)
In resource-rich countries, the incidence of and mortality from AIDS has fallen dramatically since the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy. In contrast, developed countries have observed increases in the public health burden associated with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). We compared past and current trends in mortality related to HCV sequelae(More)
BACKGROUND Since 1991, unlinked anonymous HIV testing of homosexual/bisexual males attending genitourinary clinics in Edinburgh and Glasgow has been conducted and resulting prevalence data have been published annually. More detailed information which provides an understanding of what proportion of HIV infected men attending genitourinary clinics in central(More)
AIM To determine whether HIV is spreading from injecting drug users and homosexual/bisexual males into lower risk heterosexual populations in Glasgow, Scotland, and to pilot a method of monitoring HIV prevalence which involves testing routine biochemistry specimens. METHODS An unlinked anonymous HIV testing study of hospital patients and general practice(More)
OBJECTIVE To track the complete course of the HIV epidemic among women from the city of Edinburgh who delivered babies during 1982-1995. METHODS The performance of the modified Serodia HIV test on dried blood spots from archived neonatal metabolic screening cards stored for up to 11 years was evaluated by testing 221 cards from neonates whose mothers' HIV(More)