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A human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) binding protein from serum of cancer patients was purified to homogeneity and partially sequenced. Synthetic DNA probes based on amino acid sequence information were used to isolate cDNA clones encoding a receptor for TNF. The TNF receptor (TNF-R) is a 415 amino acid polypeptide with a single membrane-spanning region. The(More)
Complementary DNA clones encoding two distinct tumor necrosis factor receptors were isolated from a mouse macrophage cDNA library. The cDNA for murine tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (mTNF-R1) predicts a mature polypeptide of 425 amino acids that is 64% identical to its human counterpart, whereas the cDNA of murine tumor necrosis factor receptor type(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a member of a family of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Although the best characterized activities of IL-8 include the chemoattraction and activation of neutrophils, other members of this family have a wide range of specific actions including the chemotaxis and activation of monocytes, the selective chemotaxis of memory T cells, the(More)
IL-8 (also known as neutrophil-activating peptide 1) is recognized as a potent effector of neutrophil functions. Several different cell types that contact blood, namely T lymphocytes, monocytes, and endothelial cells, secrete this polypeptide following stimulation by cytokines, or lipopolysaccharide. Here we show that when IL-8 is added to blood it rapidly(More)
An assay using a bimane derivative has been developed to detect free glutathione (GSH) in individual viable cells by flow cytometry. Monochlorobimane [syn-(ClCH2CH3)-1,5-diazabicycla[3.30]acta-3,6-diene-2,8-dio ne], itself nonfluorescent, reacts with GSH to form a highly fluorescent derivative. High pressure liquid chromatography analysis showed that, using(More)
Monochlorobimane (syn-(ClCH2, CH3)-1,5-diazabicyclo-[3.3.0]-octa-3,6-dione-2,8-dione; mBCl) forms a fluorescent adduct with glutathione (GSH), which has been used as a basis for flow cytometric analysis. While mBCl will react nonspecifically with many different thiols, preferential derivatization of GSH can be achieved by using a low concentration of mBCl,(More)
Liver tissue perfusion can be measured by analysis of the clearance of the radioactive inert gases Xenon133 and Krypton85 from the liver. The technique commonly gives rise to multiexponential clearance curves which have previously been quoted as evidence of complex intrahepatic blood flow patterns. The clearance of 133Xe from the canine liver was studied in(More)
The changes in liver haemodynamics following partial hepatectomy (PH) were studied using an 85Kr clearance technique to measure perfusion in the livers of rats before and after both PH and sham operations. Post-operative measurements were made for 8 h following operation and also at 21 and 35 h, when uptake of tritiated thymidine into DNA is maximal in(More)
The flow cytometric measurement of DNA distributions of cells has many applications in biomedical research. Phase fractions estimated (calculated) from such distributions are used to study the growth characteristics of various types of cells, particularly when the cells have been exposed to perturbing agents such as chemotherapeutic drugs. For more than 10(More)
Exposure of Chinese hamster cells to reduced oxygen partial pressure results in a marked enhancement in the frequency of methotrexate resistance and dihydrofolate reductase gene amplification. The frequency of enhanced resistance is a function of the length of exposure to hypoxic conditions and the time after recovery from hypoxia when cells are plated into(More)