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The complete genome of Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain R(low) has been sequenced. The genome is composed of 996,422 bp with an overall G+C content of 31 mol%. It contains 742 putative coding DNA sequences (CDSs), representing a 91 % coding density. Function has been assigned to 469 of the CDSs, while 150 encode conserved hypothetical proteins and 123 remain(More)
Certain monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antisera directed to pMGA, the major protein of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, were tested for the ability to influence the surface phenotype of the cell population which resulted from their inclusion in growth medium. The polyclonal antiserum and one monoclonal antibody (MAb 66) resulted in an alteration of surface(More)
The pMGA multigene family encodes variant copies of the cell surface haemagglutinin of Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Quantitative Southern blotting, using an oligonucleotide probe complementary to a region conserved in the leader sequence of all known pMGA genes, was used to estimate the number of members of the family in the genome of seven strains of M.(More)
Mycoplasma synoviae has two major membrane antigens, MSPA and MSPB, both of which are phase variable and which may be coordinately involved in adhesion of the organism to erythrocytes. A single gene (vlhA) from M. synoviae was characterized, and polypeptides were expressed from nonoverlapping 5' and 3' regions in Escherichia coli. The expression product of(More)
Very little is understood of the structure of mycoplasma promoters, and this limits interpretation of genomic sequence data in these species. In this study the transcriptional start points of 22 genes of Mycoplasma pneumoniae were identified and the regions 5' to the start point compared. Although a strong consensus -10 region could be seen, there was only(More)
The avian pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum possesses a large gene family encoding lipoproteins which function as haemagglutinins. Representative species of the pneumoniae phylogenetic group of mycoplasmas were examined for the presence of genes homologous to members of this multigene family. Antisera against the pMGA1.1 lipoprotein recognized a 35 kDa(More)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae mhp379 is a putative lipoprotein that shares significant amino acid sequence similarity with a family of bacterial thermostable nucleases. To examine the nuclease activity of mhp379, the gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli following the deletion of the amino-terminal signal sequence and prokaryotic lipoprotein cleavage(More)
Clostridium botulinum (group III), Clostridium novyi and Clostridium haemolyticum are well-known pathogens causing animal botulism, gas gangrene/black disease, and bacillary hemoglobinuria, respectively. A close genetic relationship exists between the species, which has resulted in the collective term C. novyi sensu lato. The pathogenic traits in these(More)
Mycoplasmas are regarded to be useful models for studying the minimum genetic complement required for independent survival of an organism. Mycoplasma bovis is a globally distributed pathogen causing pneumonia, mastitis, arthritis, otitis media and reproductive tract disease, and genome sequences of three strains, the type strain PG45 and two strains(More)
Recombination between herpesviruses has been seen in vitro and in vivo under experimental conditions. This has raised safety concerns about using attenuated herpesvirus vaccines in human and veterinary medicine and adds to other known concerns associated with their use, including reversion to virulence and disease arising from recurrent reactivation of(More)