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High-resolution records of past climatic changes during the last glacial have revealed a number of abrupt changes on time scales of decades or less. Climate models suggest that the deep ocean circulation has the potential to act as a pacemaker of such changes. Based on results from ice cores from both polar regions, and the reference to a common time scale(More)
We have analyzed mammary tumors arising in transgenic mice expressing a novel, multifunctional RNA-binding protein. The protein, which we call the c-myc mRNA coding region instability determinant binding protein (CRD-BP), binds to c-myc, insulin-like growth factor II, and beta-actin mRNAs, and to H19 RNA. Depending on the RNA substrate, the CRD-BP affects(More)
C57BL/6 (B6) and DBA/2 (D2) mice exhibit disparate behavior when tested for voluntary morphine intake in a two-bottle choice drinking paradigm with B6 mice consuming 10 times more drug than D2 mice. Previous genetic mapping studies identified a locus, Mop2, on the proximal part of chromosome 10 that explained over half of the genetic variance in this mouse(More)
C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mice demonstrate differences in morphine preference when tested in a two-bottle choice paradigm. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping suggested the proximal region of chromosome 10 was responsible for 41% of the observed genetic variance. The mu-opioid receptor (MOR) gene (Oprm) maps to this region and is a prime candidate for(More)
Emotional behavior is in part heritable and often disrupted in psychopathology. Identification of specific genetic variants that drive this heritability may provide important new insight into molecular and neurobiological mechanisms involved in emotionality. Our results demonstrate that the presynaptic vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (VMAT1) Thr136Ile(More)
Vocalizations of Senegal and South African lesser bushbabies were compared with respect to their acoustic properties analysed from spectrograms and oscillograms. Homologous calls could be identified within comparable functional categories. Considerable similarities were revealed in most of the noisy vocalizations associated with aggressive, defensive or(More)
Nicotine addiction (NA) is a common and devastating disease, such that the annual number of deaths (world-wide) from tobacco-related diseases will double from 5 million in the year 2000 to 10 million in 2020. Nicotine is the only substance in tobacco which animals and humans will self-administer. NA, as a lifetime diagnosis, has been assessed in various(More)
C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) mice differ in behaviors related to substance abuse, including voluntary morphine consumption and preference in a two-bottle choice paradigm. Two major quantitative trait loci (QTL) for morphine consumption and preference exist between these strains on chromosomes (Chrs.) 6 and 10 when the two-bottle choice involves morphine in(More)
While the physiological mechanisms that contribute to the development of alcohol dependence remain unclear, a number of recent studies have indicated a role for the corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR 1) in modulating the response of the central nervous system to ethanol. Based on these data, the present study aims to identify associations(More)
BACKGROUND The common CHRNA5 mis-sense coding single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs16969968:G>A (D398N) has repeatedly been shown to confer risk for heavy smoking in individuals who carry the 'A' allele (encoding the 398N amino acid). The mis-sense SNP has a minor allele frequency of ∼40% in European-Americans, but only ∼7% in African-Americans(More)