Glenda Summersides

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OBJECTIVE To compare the brain damage in sheep resulting from penetrating and non-penetrating captive bolt stunning. DESIGN The unrestrained heads of anaesthetised lambs were impacted in the temporal region with penetrating and non-penetrating captive bolt pistols (humane stunners) using a constant charge. Two hours after head impact, brains were(More)
The heads of anaesthetized lambs aged 4-5 weeks were subjected to impact (temporal, frontal or occipital) of constant strength with a humane stunner. Two hours later, the brains were perfusion-fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde and serial whole coronal slices processed by routine methods. Sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin or labelled with a(More)
A 39-year-old man presenting with acute delirium is reported who suffered an unexpected cardiac arrest shortly after being sedated. Death followed 2 days later from hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. At autopsy, marked pallor and edema of his left sternomastoid muscle was observed which was shown on microscopy to be due to confluent coagulative necrosis.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of impact with a nonpenetrating captive bolt pistol in pigs by studying the resulting traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to compare the pathological changes with those found previously in the brains of sheep using a similar experimental paradigm. PROCEDURE The unrestrained heads of six, anaesthetised, 7- to 8-week-old, Large(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the severity and distribution of structural changes in the brains of adult sheep stunned by penetrating captive bolt. PROCEDURE The unconstrained heads of ten, anaesthetised, unhorned, 2-year-old Merino sheep were impacted at the summit of the head with a penetrating captive bolt pistol. Six sheep were ventilated and four received(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the dose-response effects of graded epinephrine infusions on systemic and renal hemodynamics. DESIGN Prospective, dose-response study. SETTING Laboratory at a university hospital. SUBJECTS Thirteen conscious, chronically catheterized, adult merino sheep. INTERVENTIONS Ten sheep received five infusions of epinephrine (5, 10, 20,(More)
UNLABELLED An animal model of gastric emptying may have use in the study of gastric physiology and pharmacoscintigraphy. The pig has anatomy and physiology similar to that of humans. Our aim was to develop a model of gastric emptying in the pig. It was not possible to perform this study in conscious pigs; therefore, an anesthetic model was developed. (More)
To determine whether vitreous humor sodium levels might be of use in evaluating deaths associated with immersion, samples of vitreous humor were prospectively evaluated at autopsy over a 4-year period from 2006 to 2009. There were 19 cases of saltwater immersion (age range 9-76 years; mean age 44 years; M:F, 2.8:1) and 16 freshwater immersions (age range(More)
The efficacy of continuous low-dose xylazine infusion following an initial loading dose in providing analgesia in sheep was examined using an algesimetry method based on a leg lifting response to an electrical stimulus. Sheep received a 5 mg intramuscular injection of xylazine followed by continuous infusion of intravenous xylazine (2mg/h) for 90 min. This(More)
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