Glenda Mary Davison

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BACKGROUND Reconstitution of the immune system following allogeneic stem-cell transplantation is a complex process that requires successful engraftment of the hematopoietic stem cell, as well as adequate thymic function. As the majority of patients have reduced thymic function due to age, hormonal changes, as well as the damage caused by conditioning and(More)
INTRODUCTION Research has implied that the immune system plays a role in the pathogenesis of MDS and that T-cells are reacting to tumour antigen present on the surface of the malignant cells. This could imply that the immune system could be utilized to generate immune based therapy. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility of studying this(More)
Telomeres are DNA structures which serve to stabilize chromosomes. In human cells telomeres progressively shorten with each cell division leading to eventual chromosome instability and cell death. Telomerase is a DNA polymerase which is required for the maintenance of telomeres. Therefore, telomeres and telomerase play a role in the regulation of the life(More)
Platelet aggregates play a crucial role in the immune defence mechanism against viruses. Increased levels of lipopolysaccharide have been reported in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals. Platelets are capable of interacting with bacterial LPS and subsequently forming platelet leukocyte aggregates (PLAs). This study aimed at determining(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease and thrombotic events have emerged as major causes of mortality in people living with HIV. Activated platelets play a key role in both inflammation and thrombosis. Haematology analysers measure a variety of platelet indices, which could be surrogate markers of platelet activation. Flow cytometry offers the discrimination(More)
Platelet activation has been described in patients with chronic inflammation, however in type 2 diabetes mellitus it remains controversial. We compared levels of platelet leucocyte aggregates, monocyte and granulocyte activation across glucose tolerance statuses in mixed ancestry South Africans. Individuals (206) were recruited from Bellville-South, Cape(More)
INTRODUCTION Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) induces inflammation and platelet activation. People living with HIV are at increased risk of thrombotic events. Activated platelets link inflammation with thrombosis. However platelet function in HIV remains unclear. P-selectin (CD62P), a marker of platelet activation, and platelet glycoprotein GPIV (CD36) a(More)
Maternal nutritional status during pregnancy may affect the epigenetic programming of offspring, including effects on DNA methylation patterns, and so lead to phenotypic consequences in adulthood. It is hypothesised that maternal Zn nutrition may affect the DNA methylation status of the offspring through effects on the expression of DNA methyltransferase(More)
Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid (L-AA) plays a pivotal role in many biological and metabolic processes. Collagen, carnitine and hormone production; bone formation; protection of the immune system; reduction in cholesterol due to its involvement in cholesterol metabolism include some of L-AA’s important physiological roles. Of paramount importance is vitamin(More)
Human immunodeficiency deficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with chronic inflammation and an increased risk of thrombotic events. Activated platelets (PLTs) play an important role in both thrombosis and inflammation, and HIV has been shown to induce PLT activation by both direct and indirect mechanisms. P-selectin (CD62P) is a well-described(More)