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Germline mutations in PKD2 cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. We have introduced a mutant exon 1 in tandem with the wild-type exon 1 at the mouse Pkd2 locus. This is an unstable allele that undergoes somatic inactivation by intragenic homologous recombination to produce a true null allele. Mice heterozygous and homozygous for this mutation,(More)
Minimal-change disease (MCD) counts for 10 to 15% of cases of primary nephrotic syndrome in adults. Few series have examined this disease in adults. A retrospective review was performed of 95 adults who had MCD and were seen at a single referral center. Examined were presenting features, response to daily versus alternate-day steroids, response to(More)
Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is a common cause of acute kidney injury. Many etiologies of AIN have been recognized--including allergic/drug-induced, infectious, autoimmune/systemic, and idiopathic forms of disease. The most common etiology of AIN is drug-induced disease, which is thought to underlie 60-70% of cases. Multiple agents from many different(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Low birth weight (LBW), resulting from intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) or prematurity, is a risk factor for adult hypertension and chronic kidney disease. LBW is associated with reduced nephron endowment and increased glomerular volume; however, the development of secondary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) has not(More)
Dysproteinemias that result in monoclonal glomerular deposits of IgG are relatively uncommon. Here, we report the largest series of proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits, a form of renal involvement by monoclonal gammopathy that mimics immune-complex glomerulonephritis. We retrospectively identified 37 patients, most of whom were(More)
This study reports the clinicopathologic findings and outcome in 34 patients with renal monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD), which included 23 light-chain DD (LCDD), 5 light- and heavy-chain DD (LHCDD), and 6 heavy-chain DD (HCDD). A total of 23 patients had pure MIDD, whereas 11 patients had LCDD with coexistent myeloma cast nephropathy(More)
BACKGROUND We report the first large renal biopsy-based clinicopathologic study on obesity-related glomerulopathy. METHODS Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI)> 30 kg/m2. Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) was defined morphologically as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and glomerulomegaly (O-FSGS; N = 57) or glomerulomegaly alone (O-GM; N =(More)
PKD2, mutations in which cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), encodes an integral membrane glycoprotein with similarity to calcium channel subunits. We induced two mutations in the mouse homologue Pkd2 (ref.4): an unstable allele (WS25; hereafter denoted Pkd2WS25) that can undergo homologous-recombination-based somatic rearrangement(More)
Collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a distinct clinicopathologic entity seen most commonly in young African American patients who present with renal insufficiency and nephrotic syndrome. The only epidemiologic factor previously linked to collapsing FSGS is HIV infection. Here clinicopathologic findings are reported for a distinctive(More)
During kidney organogenesis, tubular epithelial cells proliferate until a functional tubule is formed as sensed by cilia bending in response to fluid flow. This flow-induced ciliary mechanosensation opens the calcium (Ca(2+)) channel polycystin-2 (PC2), resulting in a calcium flux-mediated cell cycle arrest. Loss or mutation of either PC2 or its regulatory(More)