Glen S. Block

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A self-administered diet history questionnaire has been developed for epidemiologic and clinical use. Both the food list and the nutrient values to be associated with it were developed using dietary data from 11,658 adult respondents to the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). Food items were selected on the basis of their(More)
Approximately 200 studies that examined the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and cancers of the lung, colon, breast, cervix, esophagus, oral cavity, stomach, bladder, pancreas, and ovary are reviewed. A statistically significant protective effect of fruit and vegetable consumption was found in 128 of 156 dietary studies in which results were(More)
A reduced questionnaire was developed by successively omitting segments of the full (98-item) Block questionnaire and calculating the correlations between nutrient estimates produced by the full and reduced versions. The reduced version contains 60 food items and requires 17 minutes to administer by an interviewer. It is intended to capture all nutrients in(More)
We examined the relation of dietary diversity to subsequent all-cause mortality by using data from the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) Epidemiologic Follow-up Study, 1982-1987. The analytic cohort consisted of 4160 men and 6264 women (including 2556 deaths), 25-74 y at baseline (1971-1975). Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls(More)
The validity of a self-administered diet history questionnaire has been estimated using as the reference data the mean of three 4-day diet records collected over the year prior to the administration of the questionnaire, in 1985-1986. Subjects were women ages 45-70 years, participants in the Women's Health Trial Feasibility Study, a multi-center clinical(More)
Data from the 1987 National Health Interview Survey show that 51.1% of the adults aged 18-99 years in the United States consumed a vitamin/mineral supplement in the past year, but that only 23.1% did so daily. Whites, women, and older individuals were more likely than blacks, men, and younger individuals to consume supplements regularly. Multivitamins were(More)
A population-based case-control study of oral and pharyngeal cancer conducted in four areas of the United States provided information on a number of risk factors, including diet. Interviews were obtained from 871 oral cancer patients and 979 controls among whites, frequency matched for age and sex. Consumption frequency of 61 food items was assessed in the(More)
Nutrient intake data are reported from a 60-item food frequency questionnaire administered in the 1987 National Health Interview Survey to a representative sample of US adults 18 to 99 years of age (n = 22,080). These data provide for the first time an estimate of the distribution of usual nutrient intakes in a national probability sample. For several(More)
Numerous factors affect the reproducibility and validity of dietary assessment questionnaires. Although the respondents' abilities to respond accurately are most frequently discussed as the cause of apparently poor reproducibility and validity, many other factors are as important and perhaps more important. Most of these other factors are under the control(More)
The validity of two dietary history questionnaires was examined, one the Health Habits and History Questionnaire (HHHQ) developed by Block et al and the other a questionnaire developed by investigators at the University of Michigan (UM). The reference data consisted of the mean of four 4-day dietary records and recalls collected for 1 year before(More)