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CONTEXT An association between dopamine-replacement therapies and impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson disease (PD) has been suggested in preliminary studies. OBJECTIVES To ascertain point prevalence estimates of 4 ICDs in PD and examine their associations with dopamine-replacement therapies and other clinical characteristics. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess factors associated with impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson disease (PD) using a multicenter case--control design. METHODS Patients enrolled in the DOMINION study, a multicenter study assessing the cross-sectional frequency of ICDs in PD, were eligible to participate in the case--control study. PD patients with and without an(More)
A recent controlled clinical trial suggested a role for amantadine as a treatment for pathological gambling in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Analyzing data from a large cross-sectional study of impulse control disorders (ICDs) in PD, amantadine use (n = 728), vs no amantadine use (n = 2,357), was positively associated with a diagnosis of any ICD(More)
Ischemia-induced cell loss in the CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus results in severe deficits on delayed non-matching-to-sample (DNMS), whereas hippocampectomy produces little or no impairment, suggesting that partial hippocampal damage is more detrimental to DNMS performance than total ablation. To test this hypothesis, rats with or without(More)
RATIONALE The potentiation of the acoustic startle response (ASR) by stimuli associated with aversive events is mediated via the amygdala and is used as an index of "anxiety" and "fear". In laboratory animals, cholecystokinin(B) (CCK(B)) agonists increase anxiety and fear and activation of amygdala CCK(B) receptors potentiates ASR. Additionally, antagonism(More)
RATIONALE Repeated administration of psychostimulants such as amphetamine (AMPH) produces an enduring augmentation of their locomotor effects. Previous research suggests that this phenomenon, termed sensitization, is related to changes within the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system. OBJECTIVES The present experiments were designed to investigate the(More)
DA release in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is a critical substrate mediating locomotor behavior. Cholecystokinin (CCK) is co-localized with dopamine (DA) in up to 90% of mesolimbic DA neurons. We have previously shown that while CCKA receptor antagonists generally do not affect locomotor behaviors, systemic administration of a CCKA receptor antagonist(More)
We have previously shown that individual differences in oral sucrose consumption are predictive of behavioral reactivity of rats in the elevated plus-maze (EPM). The present experiments were designed to replicate the EPM results and to extend them to another animal model of anxiety, the acoustic startle reflex (ASR) paradigm. In two experiments, sucrose(More)
These studies investigated whether endogenous activation of CCK(A) receptors mediates the expression of amphetamine (AMP)-induced locomotor activity. In Experiment 1, locomotor activity was assessed in rats pretreated with the CCK(A) antagonist devazepide (0.001, 0.01, and 0.1 mg/kg) and subsequently injected with AMP (1.5 mg/kg). In Experiment 2, rats were(More)
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