Glen R. Loppnow

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Mammalian semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) enzymes have been classified as EC 1.4.3.6 [amine:oxygen oxidoreductase (deaminating)(copper-containing)]. However, both the identity of the quinone cofactor and the presence of copper remain unconfirmed, and SSAO has proved impossible to purify to homogeneity in sufficient yield to permit cofactor(More)
A resonance Raman microscope has been developed to study the structure of the retinal prosthetic group in the visual pigments of individual photoreceptor cells. Raman vibrational spectra are obtained by focusing the probe laser on intact photoreceptors frozen on a 77 K cold stage. To elucidate the mechanism of wavelength regulation in blue visual pigments,(More)
Bovine rhodopsin was bleached and regenerated with 7,9-dicis-retinal to form 7,9-dicis-rhodopsin, which was purified on a concanavalin A affinity column. The absorption maximum of the 7,9-dicis pigment is 453 nm, giving an opsin shift of 1600 cm-1 compared to 2500 cm-1 for 11-cis-rhodopsin and 2400 cm-1 for 9-cis-rhodopsin. Rapid-flow resonance Raman(More)
Resonance Raman excitation profiles have been measured for the bovine visual pigment rhodopsin using excitation wavelengths ranging from 457.9 to 647.1 nm. A complete Franck-Condon analysis of the absorption spectrum and resonance Raman excitation profiles has been performed using an excited-state, time-dependent wavepacket propagation technique. This has(More)
Raman spectra of nine anomerically stable monosaccharides have been obtained in aqueous solution in the 700-1700 cm(-1) spectral range. Good-quality spectra are obtained of solutions with concentrations as low as 10 mM and volumes as small as 15 microL. Interestingly, the Raman spectra appear to be exquisitely sensitive to the configuration of the carbon(More)
To explore the excited-state structural dynamics of thymine, a DNA nucleobase, we measured the resonance Raman spectra of thymine in aqueous solution at wavelengths throughout the lowest-energy absorption band. Self-consistent analysis of the resulting resonance Raman excitation profiles and absorption spectrum using a time-dependent wave packet formalism(More)
5-Fluorouracil is an analogue of thymine and uracil, nucleobases found in DNA and RNA, respectively. The photochemistry of thymine is significant; UV-induced photoproducts of thymine in DNA lead to skin cancer and other diseases. In previous work, we have suggested that the differences in the excited-state structural dynamics of thymine and uracil arise(More)
Cytosine, a nucleobase found in both DNA and RNA, is known to form photoproducts upon UV irradiation, damaging the nucleic acids and leading to cancer and other diseases. To determine the molecular mechanism by which these photoproducts occur, we have measured the resonance Raman spectra of cytosine at wavelengths throughout its 267 nm absorption band.(More)
Thymine is one of the pyrimidine nucleobases found in DNA. Upon absorption of UV light, thymine forms a number of photoproducts, including the cyclobutyl photodimer, the pyrimidine pyrimidinone [6-4] photoproduct and the photohydrate. Here, we use UV resonance Raman spectroscopy to measure the initial excited-state structural dynamics of the(More)
The resonance Raman spectra of 2'-deoxyguanosine, a DNA nucleoside, were measured in aqueous solution at wavelengths throughout its 260 nm absorption band. Self-consistent analysis of the resulting resonance Raman excitation profiles and absorption spectrum using a time-dependent wave packet formalism with two electronic states yielded the initial(More)