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Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major barrier to successful hematopoietic stem cell transplant for patients who lack a matched related donor. Partial T-cell depletion (TCD) of the graft may decrease the risk of severe GVHD with unrelated donors (URD) and partially matched related donors (PMRD) while retaining an antileukemic effect. We analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND The suitability of CD34 selection for purging peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) collected from patients with neuroblastoma (NB) has been called into question, largely because of reports of detection of low levels of CD34 on the surface of some NB cell lines and tumors. PROCEDURE We used three approaches to address the issue of purging of(More)
Both increased graft rejection and increased graft vs host disease (GVHD) remain obstacles to success for unrelated donor (URD) BMT for patients with SAA. Partial T cell depletion (PTCD) may decrease the risk of severe GVHD, while still maintaining sufficient donor T lymphocytes to ensure engraftment. We report on 12 patients with SAA who underwent PTCD URD(More)
INTRODUCTION Intramedullary nails for fixation of extracapsular hip fractures have gained popularity recently. Although clinically successful, they are not devoid of complications. An infrequently reported complication is the medial migration of the femoral neck element (FNE) of the implant into the pelvis. The purpose of this study was to create a(More)
Leukemic cells from the blood and marrow of 25 cases of newly diagnosed acute leukemia were presented as target cells to alloreactive effector cells from unrelated normal donors in cell-mediated cytotoxicity assays. In three cases the leukemic targets were poorly killed relative to nonleukemic, HLA-identical target cells. The poor killing of the leukemic(More)
Prenatal diagnosis of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency in a male fetus made possible elective neonatal bone marrow transplantation before onset of symptoms. Bone marrow transplantation was performed by using T-cell-depleted maternal marrow that had been cryopreserved 2 years earlier, at the time that his older affected brother underwent(More)
The susceptibility of neuroblastoma cells to cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated killing was investigated. Cytotoxic lines were generated by sensitizing peripheral blood lymphocytes against two stimulator cells, a neuroblastoma line, CHP-100, and normal allogeneic lymphocytes, LS. LS cells shared class I antigens with CHP-100, but in addition expressed(More)
Lymphocytes from an extensively transfused patient with aplastic anemia were induced to cytotoxicity against target cells from several HLA-matched siblings by in vitro stimulation with allogeneic cells. Effective stimulating cells shared HLA-B7 with the patient, but not all B7 individuals were effective. An additional factor, which was found to segregate in(More)
Unmodified peripheral stem cell transplants are associated with an increased risk of extensive chronic GVHD. T depletion may reduce this risk, but the risk of graft failure or relapse may increase. To decrease the risks of both extensive chronic GVHD and graft failure, we added back a defined dose of CD3+ cells to CD34+ selected PSCs. Twenty-four patients(More)