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The problem of Alzheimer's disease (AD) exemplifies the challenges of dealing with a broad range of aging-related chronic disorders that require long-term, labor-intensive, and expensive care. As the baby boom generation ages and brain diseases become more prevalent, the need to confront the pending health care crisis is more urgent than ever before.(More)
OBJECTIVE Under some circumstances the HIV virus may infect cells that do not express receptors essential to HIV-entry. We hypothesized that platelet- and megakaryocyte-derived microparticles (MP) could play a role in such infections. MP are circular membrane fragments shed from the surface of eukaryotic cells. After adhesion to target cells, MP may(More)
The patch-clamp recording technique and RNA-polymerase chain reaction were used to identify the voltage-dependent K+ channels expressed by murine fetal and adult CD4-CD8- thymocytes. Two distinct currents, encoded by the genes Kv1.1 and Kv1.3 were identified based upon their biophysical and pharmacologic characteristics and confirmed with RNA-polymerase(More)
The monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody (mAb2) 87.92.6 directed against the 9B.G5 antibody specific for the virus neutralizing epitope on the mammalian reovirus type 3 hemagglutinin was previously demonstrated to express an internal image of the receptor binding epitope of the reovirus type 3. Furthermore, this mAb2 has autoimmune reactivity to the cell(More)
Neonatal exposure to Gross murine leukemia virus results in a profound inhibition of the virus-specific T and B cell responses of adult animals. Animals exposed to virus as neonates exhibit a marked depression in virus-specific T cell function as measured by the virtual absence of in vivo delayed type hypersensitivity responses and in vitro proliferative(More)
During immune response to an allograft, activated T cells express a number of cell surface activation antigens, among them the membrane receptor for the lymphokine interleukin 2 (IL-2). As the IL-2 receptor is not present on resting T cells, it offers an attractive target for potentially specific immunosuppressive therapy. The rat monoclonal antibody M7/20,(More)
The molecular mechanism of signal transduction through the interleukin 2 (IL-2) receptor remains an enigma. Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) lipids were investigated as one component of this process. IL-2 stimulated the rapid (30 sec) loss of greater than 50% of GPI in the IL-2-dependent T-cell line CTLL-2. Half-maximal GPI loss was detected at 40 pM(More)
A combination of metabolic labeling and chemical or enzymatic modification was employed to isolate and biochemically characterize a set of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (gly-PI) molecules synthesized by T lymphocytes. Gly-PI displayed unique patterns of synthesis following mitogen activation relative to the phosphoinositides and major structural lipids. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of HIV-1 infection on thymocyte development, and the role of thymic infection on the pathogenesis of neonatal HIV-1 infection. DESIGN AND METHODS The consequences of thymic infection by HIV-1 were examined by comparative histologic and molecular analyses of an asymptomatic, HIV-1-seropositive 3-day-old subject, versus(More)