Glen M. Davis

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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the cardiorespiratory fitness of subacute stroke patients and to determine whether reduced fitness is associated with gait performance. DESIGN Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING Rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS Seventeen patients in an inpatient rehabilitation unit who had mild to moderate gait impairments after a(More)
Objectives. To investigate the different approaches in the field of functional electrical stimulation (FES) control of gait and address fundamental perquisites to enable FES walking systems to become safer, more practical, and therefore clinically efficacious. Design. Systematic review was conducted from electronic data bases up to March 2008. Studies with(More)
  • G M Davis
  • Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 1993
Spinal cord injury below the first thoracic vertebra defines the condition of paraplegia, with common medical sequelae including impaired motor function, bone and muscle atrophy, poor myocardial function, and a general decline of physical fitness. Recently, there has been renewed interest in the role of exercise for improving the physical fitness, health,(More)
Four individuals with a spinal cord injury underwent 16 weeks of isometric electrical stimulation training to both legs for 60 min, five times per week during the first 5 months after injury, while two SCI individuals remained untrained. A baseline biopsy sample of the vastus lateralis muscle was obtained within 1 month of injury, and another biopsy sample(More)
PURPOSE This study compared acute exercise responses during arm cranking, functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted leg cycling, and combined arm and leg ("hybrid") cycling in individuals with spinal cord injury during maximal and submaximal exercise. METHODS Nine male subjects with long-standing neurological lesions from C7 to T12 were recruited.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare different methods of assessing energy expenditure (EE) and physical activity (PA) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) under community-dwelling conditions. METHODS A reference standard encompassing the doubly labelled water (DLW) technique, heart rate monitoring (FLEX-HR), a multi-sensor armband (SenseWear Armband (SWA)), and two(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the cardiorespiratory responses during arm exercise with and without concurrent electrical stimulation-induced leg cycling in people with paraplegia. METHODS On separate days, 10 subjects with spinal cord injuries (T5-T12) performed either arm cranking (ACE), or simultaneous arm cranking + electrical(More)
Twelve spinal cord-injured males performed arm-crank exercise (ACE) with and without concurrent functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) of paralyzed leg muscles to investigate the hypothesis that FNS would augment cardiovascular performance during submaximal ACE. Six men who exhibited vigorous isometric contractions of thigh and calf muscles were classed(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether changes in strength or cardiorespiratory fitness after exercise training improve walking ability in individuals who have had a stroke. DESIGN A sham exercise-controlled, randomized two-by-two factorial design, in which the two factors investigated were cycle training (AEROBIC) and resistance training (STRENGTH). SETTING(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES)-induced leg exercise offers the potential for individuals with lowerlimb paralysis to otherwise gain some benefits conferred by leg exercise. Although its original intent is to reactivate the leg muscles to produce functional upright mobility, as a rehabilitation therapy, FES-evoked exercise increases the whole-body(More)