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Calcium flux responses mediated by voltage-dependent calcium channels have been studied in transverse tubule membrane vesicles from rabbit skeletal muscle. Vesicles were loaded with 45Ca2+, and membrane potentials were generated by establishing potassium gradients across the membrane in the presence of valinomycin. After the membranes were polarized to an(More)
Control of canine visceral leishmaniasis (VL) remains a difficult and serious problem mostly because there is no reliable and effective vaccine available to prevent this disease. A mixture of three recombinant leishmanial antigens (TSA, LeIF and LmSTI1) encoded by three genes highly conserved in the Leishmania genus have been shown to induce excellent(More)
  • M Oz, G B Frank
  • The Journal of pharmacology and experimental…
  • 1991
The effects of removing extracellular Ca++ ions or of adding the organic calcium channel antagonist, nitrendipine, were tested on twitches and tetani (100 Hz for 2 sec) in frog toe muscles. Under conditions that did not reduce or that potentiated twitches, both procedures reduced the size of the tetanic responses. This depression was seen as an inability to(More)
TMB-8 [8-(diethylamino)-octyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate] is known to inhibit calcium ion dependent processes in several tissues by stabilizing some intracellular stores of membrane-bound calcium. TMB-8 was used to study the excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling process in frog's skeletal muscle. TMB-8 (5 X 10(-5) - 10(-4) M) blocked electrically evoked(More)
  • G B Frank
  • Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology
  • 1978
In 37 of 41 isolated frog skeletal muscle fiber preparations (one, two, or three fibers) the twitch was eliminated or reduced to less than 10% of control by exposing the fibers to a O-calcium, bicarbonate-buffered solution for 10 min or less. Replacing the bicarbonate by a phosphate buffer either prevented twitch inhibition or increased the O-calcium(More)
1. In the neuronally isolated cortex of the cat, local application of bemegride, picrotoxin, nikethamide, caffeine and strychnine facilitated the surface positive response of the isolated cortex and lowered the stimulus threshold for this response. Excepting nikethamide, they all produced convulsive discharge in the isolated cortex unrelated to the applied(More)